PEI Population Report Quarterly

Population Report, Fourth Quarter 2021

DIAGRAM 1: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND POPULATION, QUARTERLY, 2017 - 2022

 

On March 17, 2022 Statistics Canada published its provincial population estimates for the fourth quarter of 2021. The data shows Prince Edward Island’s population was estimated to be 166,331 as of January 1, 2022. This represents a yearly increase of 4,817 persons, the highest year-over-year increase on current record. The year-over-year growth rate was 3.0 per cent, the highest growth rate among provinces and territories, ahead of Nova Scotia at 2.1 per cent growth. This compares to a rate of 1.2 per cent for Canada as a whole. On a regional note, Nova Scotia’s population was estimated to be 1,002,586, surpassing the one million mark for the first time.

The quarterly estimates since October 1, 2019 and growth rates for Canada and Prince Edward Island can be seen in Table 1.

TABLE 1: NATIONAL AND PROVINCIAL POPULATION & GROWTH RATES, QUARTERLY

  Canada Prince Edward Island
Quarter Population Growth rate (%) Population Growth rate (%)
Oct. 1, 2019 37,811,399 0.6 158,778 0.9
Jan. 1, 2020 37,908,599 0.3 159,387 0.4
Apr. 1, 2020 38,000,056 0.2 160,417 0.6
Jul. 1, 2020 38,037,204 0.1 161,329 0.6
Oct. 1, 2020 38,033,014 0.0 161,402 0.0
Jan. 1, 2021 38,068,872 0.1 161,514 0.1
Apr. 1, 2021 38,153,211 0.2 162,596 0.7
Jul. 1, 2021 38,246,108 0.2 164,318 1.1
Oct. 1, 2021 38,436,447 0.5 165,936 1.0
Jan. 1, 2022 38,526,760 0.2 166,331 0.2

All jurisdictions recorded population increases for January 1, 2022 compared to January 1, 2021. Population estimates for January 1, 2021 and 2022 for all provinces and territories are shown in Table 2 below. The population growth rates and level change for the twelve-month period ending December 31, 2021 are also included.

TABLE 2: POPULATION OF PROVINCES & TERRITORIES, JANUARY 1, 2020, 2021 & ANNUAL GROWTH RATES

  Jan 1, 2021 Jan 1, 2022 Growth Level
CAN 38,068,872 38,526,760 1.2% 457,888
NL 519,664 522,453 0.5% 2,789
PEI 161,514 166,331 3.0% 4,817
NS 982,012 1,002,586 2.1% 20,574
NB 784,156 797,102 1.7% 12,946
QC 8,579,370 8,639,642 0.7% 60,272
ON 14,759,431 14,951,825 1.3% 192,394
MB 1,381,459 1,390,249 0.6% 8,790
SK 1,178,971 1,183,269 0.4% 4,298
AB 4,431,454 4,480,486 1.1% 49,032
BC 5,163,919 5,264,485 1.9% 100,566
YK 42,344 42,982 1.5% 638
NWT 45,323 45,640 0.7% 317
NU 39,255 39,710 1.2% 455

 

Components of Growth

The total increase in PEI’s population from October 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021 was 395 people.

Natural Increase

There were 344 births and 354 deaths on Prince Edward Island during the fourth quarter of 2021, resulting in natural growth (births minus deaths) of -10.

International Migration

The effects of the Covid-19 pandemic on international migration has been evident since the second quarter of 2020. The third quarter of 2021 saw international immigration rebound and this rebound continued during the fourth quarter, as 871 immigrants entered the province.  On a year-over-year basis, this is a 236.3 per cent increase (as compared to the fourth quarter of 2020). At a rate of 5.2 per thousand , the province had the highest quarterly immigration rate in the country, ahead of Ontario and Yukon, both at 4.5 per thousand, and British Columbia at 4.4 per thousand. The immigration rate for Canada was 3.6 per thousand.

Net international migration was estimated to be 157 persons during the fourth quarter of 2021. This consisted of the 871 international immigrants and 9 returning Canadians entering the province, while 674 non-permanent residents (net), 42 international emigrants and 7 temporarily abroad Canadians left the province. Net international migration for PEI over the 2021 calendar year was 2,888. This compares to 1,357 for 2020.

Net non-permanent residents (NPRs)  was -674 for the fourth quarter of 2021, following 103 for the third quarter. NPRs include foreign workers, foreign students, the humanitarian population and other temporary residents. The humanitarian population includes refugee claimants and temporary residents who are allowed to remain in Canada on humanitarian grounds and are not categorized as either foreign workers or foreign students.

Inter-provincial Migration

A total of 950 inter-provincial migrants came to PEI during the fourth quarter of 2021, while 702 people left the province for other areas of Canada, for a net interprovincial gain of 248. This compares to a net loss of 180 persons over the same period in 2020. As shown in Table 3, the primary source of PEI’s inter-provincial in-migrants during this period was from Ontario, followed by New Brunswick and Alberta. The main destinations of out-migrants from Prince Edward Island were Ontario, Nova Scotia and British Columbia. 31.1 per cent of all interprovincial migrants from other provinces were destined for Ontario.

 

TABLE 3: ORIGIN & DESTINATION OF INTER-PROVINCIAL MIGRANTS, OCTOBER 1, 2021 TO DECEMBER 31, 2021

  DESTINATION
ORIGIN N.L. P.E.I. N.S. N.B. Que. Ont. Man. Sask. Alta. B.C. Y.T. N.W.T. Nvt.
N.L. 0 5 122 79 24 369 0 0 185 31 0 0 14
P.E.I. 26 0 119 13 16 303 0 0 92 119 0 0 14
N.S. 174 83 0 354 158 750 8 46 413 249 9 36 14
N.B. 57 135 237 0 338 455 4 19 344 131 0 0 0
Que. 32 57 123 331 0 3,210 60 51 494 770 0 10 21
Ont. 689 548 2,541 1,777 3,076 0 602 526 5,201 3,693 57 49 99
Man. 0 4 147 71 161 1,303 0 308 1,131 1,082 0 4 4
Sask. 12 14 73 72 75 893 252 0 1,730 944 0 3 4
Alta. 225 98 579 413 394 2,583 292 1,190 0 4,920 35 102 32
B.C. 146 0 391 181 431 2,237 333 502 4,475 0 62 29 0
Y.T. 6 0 8 4 0 78 5 4 97 124 0 24 0
N.W.T. 33 0 4 13 17 30 7 23 128 12 4 0 0
Nvt. 0 6 7 0 15 51 11 21 24 45 10 18 0
 
N.L. P.E.I. N.S. N.B. Que. Ont. Man. Sask. Alta. B.C. Y.T. N.W.T. Nvt.
IN 1,400 950 4,351 3,308 4,705 12,262 1,574 2,690 14,314 12,120 177 275 202
OUT 829 702 2,294 1,720 5,159 18,858 4,215 4,072 10,863 8,787 350 271 208
NET 571 248 2,057 1,588 -454 -6,596 -2,641 -1,382 3,451 3,333 -173 4 -6

 

TABLE 4: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND QUARTERLY POPULATION AND COMPONENTS OF GROWTH JULY 1 2019 – JANUARY 1 2022

Quarter Population (+) Births (-) Deaths (+) Immigrants (+) Other International* (+) Interprovincial In-Migration (-) Interprovincial Out-Migration
Jul 1, 2019 157,419 378 353 855 687 845 1,053
Oct 1, 2019 158,778 323 349 447 -33 1,011 790
Jan 1, 2020 159,387 319 360 494 -47 1,290 666
Apr 1, 2020 160,417 324 347 283 139 1,651 1,138
Jul 1, 2020 161,329 339 328 256 -62 646 778
Oct 1, 2020 161,402 327 329 259 35 530 710
Jan 1, 2021 161,514 323 350 368 308 1,298 865
Apr 1, 2021 162,596 328 386 328 583 2,116 1,247
Jul 1, 2021 164,318 351 267 1,067 77 1,359 969
Oct 1, 2021 165,936 344 354 871 -714 950 702
Jan 1, 2022 166,331  

 

Related downloads for this release:

PEI Population Report Quarterly PDF (179KB)

Notes:

These are preliminary data that will be revised over the coming year.

These estimates are based on 2016 Census of Population counts, adjusted for census net undercoverage and incompletely enumerated Indian reserves. To these counts, the population growth estimates for the period from May 10, 2016, to the date of the estimate are added. They are not to be confused with the 2021 Census of Population counts released on February 9, 2022. Population estimates based on the 2021 Census results will be disseminated in September 2023, when census coverage study results will become available.

 
Immigration rates are calculated by the PEI Statistics Bureau based on Statistics Canada population estimates.
NPR estimates are based on the number of NPRs, not on the net. The number of people in IRCC’s administrative system is estimated on a specific date in each period of observation. First, the end-of-period number of NPR is estimated, and then the start-of-period number of NPR is subtracted from that estimate. That yields the net number of NPR.
Source: Statistics Canada

Table 17-10-0009-01, Estimates of population, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0040-01, International migration components, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0020-01, Interprovincial migrants, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0045-01, Estimates of interprovincial migrants by province or territory of origin and destination, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0059-01, Estimates of the components of natural increase, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (number)

Prepared by  PEI Statistics Bureau

Published date: 
March 17, 2022
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