PEI Population Report Quarterly

Population Report, First Quarter 2018

DIAGRAM 1: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND POPULATION, QUARTERLY, 2013 - 2018

On June 14, 2018 Statistics Canada published its provincial population estimates for the first quarter of 2018. The data shows Prince Edward Island’s population is estimated to be 153,116 as of April 1, 2018. This represents a yearly increase of 2,347 persons or a 1.6 per cent annual growth rate. This is the second highest year over year growth rate among provinces behind only Ontario, and compares to a rate of 1.4 per cent for Canada as a whole.

 

The quarterly estimates since January 1, 2016 and growth rates for Canada and Prince Edward Island can be seen in Table 1.

TABLE 1: NATIONAL AND PROVINCIAL POPULATION & GROWTH RATES, QUARTERLY

  Canada Prince Edward Island
Quarter Population Growth rate (%) Population Growth rate (%)
Jan 1, 2016 36,017,869 0.2 147,619 0.3
Apr 1, 2016 36,122,379 0.3 148,279 0.4
Jul 1, 2016 36,264,604 0.4 149,472 0.8
Oct 1, 2016 36,415,721 0.4 150,099 0.4
Jan 1, 2017 36,474,968 0.2 150,271 0.1
Apr 1, 2017 36,560,776 0.2 150,769 0.3
Jul 1, 2017 36,708,083 0.4 152,021 0.8
Oct 1, 2017 36,885,049 0.5 152,784 0.5
Jan 1, 2018 36,963,854 0.2 152,768 0.0
Apr. 1, 2018 37,067,011 0.3 153,116 0.2

Newfoundland and Labrador was the only jurisdiction that saw year-over-year population decline (April 1, 2018 compared to April 1, 2017). Population estimates for April 1, 2017 and 2018 for all provinces and territories are shown in Table 2 below. The population growth rates for the twelve-month period ending March 31, 2017 are also included.

TABLE 2: POPULATION OF PROVINCES & TERRITORIES,

APRIL 1, 2017, 2018 & ANNUAL GROWTH RATES

  April 1, 2017 April 1, 2018 Growth
Canada

36,560,776

37,067,011

1.4%
Newfoundland and Labrador

529,204

525,983

-0.6%
Prince Edward Island

150,769

153,116

1.6%
Nova Scotia

952,016

958,400

0.7%
New Brunswick

758,148

761,214

0.4%
Quebec

8,366,022

8,455,402

1.1%
Ontario

14,124,305

14,374,084

1.8%
Manitoba

1,331,960

1,348,809

1.3%
Saskatchewan

1,159,549

1,171,240

1.0%
Alberta

4,272,398

4,334,025

1.4%
British Columbia

4,795,891

4,862,610

1.4%
Territories

120,514

122,128

1.3%

Components of Growth

Natural Increase

There were 351 births and 371 deaths on Prince Edward Island from January 1, 2018 to March 31, 2018, resulting in natural growth (births minus deaths) of minus 20.

 

International Migration

 

International immigration increased by 7.2 per cent in the first quarter of 2018 compared to the fourth quarter of 2017, however down 19.6 per cent compared to the same period in 2017. During the first quarter, 489 international immigrants came to the province, as compared to 456 the previous quarter. At a rate of 3.2 per thousand[1], the province had the second highest quarterly immigration rate in the country. The immigration rate for Canada was 2.2 per thousand.

Net international migration was estimated to be 547 persons during the first quarter of 2018. This consisted of the 489 international immigrants, 8 returning Canadians, and 82 non-permanent residents (net) entering the province, while 24 international emigrants and 8 temporarily abroad Canadians left the province. The number of net international immigrants coming to PEI over the last 12 month period (April 2017 to March 2018) was 2,953. This compares to 2,954 over the previous 12 month period.

Net non-permanent residents (NPRs)[2] was 82 for first quarter 2018, following -192 for the fourth quarter of 2017. NPRs include foreign workers, foreign students, the humanitarian population and other temporary residents. The humanitarian population includes refugee claimants and temporary residents who are allowed to remain in Canada on humanitarian grounds and are not categorized as either foreign workers or foreign students.

 

Inter-provincial Migration

A total of 778 inter-provincial migrants came to PEI in the first quarter of 2018, while 957 people left the province for other areas of Canada, for a net interprovincial loss of 179 persons. This compares to a net loss of 63 persons over the same period in 2017. As shown in Table 3, the primary source of PEI’s inter-provincial in-migrants during this period was from Ontario, followed by New Brunswick and Alberta. The main destinations of out-migrants from Prince Edward Island were to Ontario, Nova Scotia, and Alberta. Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, Yukon, and Nunavut all saw positive net interprovincial migration over the first quarter of 2018. 33.6 per cent of all interprovincial migrants from other provinces were destined for Ontario.

TABLE 3: ORIGIN & DESTINATION OF INTER-PROVINCIAL MIGRANTS,

JANUARY 1, 2018 TO MARCH 31, 2018

  DESTINATION
ORIGIN N.L. P.E.I. N.S. N.B. Que. Ont. Man. Sask. Alta. B.C. Y.T. N.W.T. Nvt.
N.L. 0 52 311 138 161 696 25 63 934 163 4 44 0
P.E.I. 60 0 142 91 26 418 0 15 125 62 13 5 0
N.S. 196 48 0 498 228 1,555 64 57 774 383 19 36 8
N.B. 124 173 649 0 408 883 53 18 494 145 0 0 18
Que. 97 53 151 361 0 4,405 81 89 468 512 21 21 52
Ont. 511 294 1,403 1,046 3,232 0 719 568 3,689 3,126 93 40 229
Man. 31 13 124 87 105 1,692 0 668 1,126 1,046 5 47 30
Sask. 20 13 89 63 104 1,238 478 0 2,992 1,186 34 10 0
Alta. 329 98 621 520 635 4,219 628 1,688 0 6,073 103 248 41
B.C. 52 28 357 296 638 3,495 435 465 6,065 0 159 63 13
Y.T. 16 0 46 0 0 111 0 19 133 70 0 25 16
N.W.T. 21 6 32 0 6 141 29 38 246 84 12 0 4
Nvt. 27 0 31 10 28 121 4 13 19 12 0 33 0
N.L. P.E.I. N.S. N.B. Que. Ont. Man. Sask. Alta. B.C. Y.T. N.W.T. Nvt.
IN 1,484 778 3,956 3,110 5,571 18,974 2,516 3,701 17,065 12,862 463 572 411
OUT 2,591 957 3,866 2,965 6,311 14,950 4,974 6,227 15,203 12,066 436 619 298
NET -1,107 -179 90 145 -740 4,024 -2,458 -2,526 1,862 796 27 -47 113

Prince Edward Island quarterly components of growth from October 1, 2015 to April 1, 2018 can be seen in table 4.

TABLE 4: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND QUARTERLY POPULATION AND COMPONENTS OF GROWTH

OCTOBER 1 2015 – APRIL 1 2018

Quarter Population (+) Births (-) Deaths (+) Immigrants (+) Other International* (+) Interprovincial In-Migration (-) Interprovincial Out-Migration
Oct 1, 2015 147,238 360 367 339 57 492 500
Jan 1, 2016 147,619 337 357 560 -20 747 607
Apr 1, 2016 148,279 369 329 751 410 1,145 1,153
Jul 1, 2016 149,472 363 303 695 360 767 1,255
Oct 1, 2016 150,099 368 373 308 -152 457 436
Jan 1, 2017 150,271 342 363 608 -26 941 1,004
Apr 1, 2017 150,769 375 333 653 463 1,485 1,391
Jul 1, 2017 152,021 373 311 632 420 787 1,138
Oct 1, 2017 152,784 377 381 456 -218 581 831
Jan 1, 2018 152,768 351 371 489 58 778 957
Apr 1, 2018 153,116  

DIAGRAM 2: PEI COMPONENTS OF GROWTH, JANUARY 1, 2018 – MARCH 31, 2018

 

Related downloads for this release:

PEI Population Report Quarterly PDF (179KB)

Note: Current population estimates are based on the 2011 Census. Starting with the next release, the population estimates for Canada, the provinces and territories will be revised, based on 2016 Census population counts adjusted for census net undercoverage and incompletely enumerated Indian reserves. Population estimates for the second quarter of 2018 and the annual demographic estimates (from July 1, 2017 to June 30, 2018) for the total population will be released on September 27. Exceptionally this year, annual demographic estimates (from July 1, 2017 to June 30, 2018) for the population by sex and age group will be released on December 13.

 

Source: Statistics Canada
Statistics Canada. Table 17-10-0009-01, Estimates of population, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)
Statistics Canada. Table 17-10-0040-01, International migration components, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)
Statistics Canada. Table 17-10-0020-01, Interprovincial migrants, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)
Statistics Canada. Table 17-10-0059-01, Estimates of the components of natural increase, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (number)
Prepared by PEI Statistics Bureau
 

 


[1] Immigration rates are calculated by the PEI Statistics Bureau based on Statistics Canada population estimates.

[2] NPR estimates are based on the number of NPRs, not on the net. The number of people in IRCC’s administrative system is estimated on a specific date in each period of observation. First, the end-of-period number of NPR is estimated, and then the start-of-period number of NPR is subtracted from that estimate. That  yields the net number of NPR.

 

 

 

Published date: 
June 14, 2018
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