PEI Population Report Quarterly

Population Report, First Quarter 2019

DIAGRAM 1: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND POPULATION, QUARTERLY, 2014 - 2019

On June 19, 2019 Statistics Canada published its provincial population estimates for the first quarter of 2019. The data shows Prince Edward Island’s population is estimated to be 155,318 as of April 1, 2019. This represents a yearly increase of 3,309 persons or a 2.2 per cent annual growth rate. This is the highest year over year growth rate among provinces and territories and compares to a rate of 1.4 per cent for Canada as a whole.

The quarterly estimates since January 1, 2017 and growth rates for Canada and Prince Edward Island can be seen in Table 1.

TABLE 1: NATIONAL AND PROVINCIAL POPULATION & GROWTH RATES, QUARTERLY

  Canada Prince Edward Island
Quarter Population Growth rate (%) Population Growth rate (%)
Jan 1, 2017 36,309,132 0.1 148,202 0.2
Apr 1, 2017 36,394,788 0.2 148,946 0.5
Jul 1, 2017 36,540,268 0.4 150,566 1.1
Oct 1, 2017 36,712,658 0.5 151,477 0.6
Jan 1, 2018 36,786,021 0.2 151,535 0.0
Apr 1, 2018 36,890,169 0.3 152,009 0.3
Jul 1, 2018 37,058,856 0.5 153,244 0.8
Oct 1, 2018 37,242,571 0.5 154,750 1.0
Jan 1, 2019 37,314,442 0.2 154,748 0.0
Apr 1, 2019 37,412,852 0.3 155,318 0.4

Newfoundland and Labrador was the only jurisdiction that saw year-over-year population decline (April 1, 2019 compared to April 1, 2018). Population estimates for April 1, 2018 and 2019 for all provinces and territories are shown in Table 2 below. The population growth rates for the twelve-month period ending March 31, 2019 are also included.

TABLE 2: POPULATION OF PROVINCES & TERRITORIES, APRIL 1, 2018, 2019 & ANNUAL GROWTH RATES

  1-Apr-18 1-Apr-19 Growth
CAN 36,890,169 37,412,852 1.4%
NL 526,462 522,537 -0.7%
PEI 152,009 155,318 2.2%
NS 955,708 966,858 1.2%
NB 768,865 773,020 0.5%
QC 8,356,699 8,452,209 1.1%
ON 14,246,035 14,490,207 1.7%
MB 1,346,851 1,362,789 1.2%
SK 1,158,836 1,169,131 0.9%
AB 4,288,327 4,362,503 1.7%
BC 4,967,375 5,034,482 1.4%
Terr. 123,002 123,798 0.6%

 

Components of Growth

Natural Increase

There were 345 births and 336 deaths on Prince Edward Island from January 1, 2019 to March 31, 2019, resulting in natural growth (births minus deaths) of 9.

International Migration

International immigration increased by 24.5 per cent in the first quarter of 2019 compared to the fourth quarter of 2018 and up 11.2 per cent compared to the same period in 2018. During the first quarter, 544 international immigrants came to the province, as compared to 437 the previous quarter. At a rate of 3.5 per thousand, the province had the highest quarterly immigration rate in the country. The immigration rate for Canada was 1.8 per thousand.

Net international migration was estimated to be 530 persons during the first quarter of 2019. This consisted of the 544 international immigrants, 5 returning Canadians, and 16 non-permanent residents (net) entering the province, while 25 international emigrants and 10 temporarily abroad Canadians left the province. The number of net international immigrants coming to PEI over the last 12 month period (April 2018 to March 2019) was 3,148. This compares to 2,991 over the previous 12 month period.

Net non-permanent residents (NPRs)  was 16 for first quarter 2019, following -306 for the fourth quarter of 2018. NPRs include foreign workers, foreign students, the humanitarian population and other temporary residents. The humanitarian population includes refugee claimants and temporary residents who are allowed to remain in Canada on humanitarian grounds and are not categorized as either foreign workers or foreign students.

 

Inter-provincial Migration

A total of 895 inter-provincial migrants came to PEI in the first quarter of 2019, while 864 people left the province for other areas of Canada, for a net inter-provincial gain of 31 persons. This compares to a net loss of 126 persons over the same period in 2018. As shown in Table 3, the primary source of PEI’s inter-provincial in-migrants during this period was from Ontario, followed by Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. The main destinations of out-migrants from Prince Edward Island were to Ontario, Nova Scotia, and British Columbia. PEI, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario, Alberta, and British Columbia all saw positive net inter-provincial migration over the first quarter of 2019. 31.5 per cent of all inter-provincial migrants from other provinces were destined for Alberta.

TABLE 3: ORIGIN & DESTINATION OF INTER-PROVINCIAL MIGRANTS, JANUARY 1, 2019 TO MARCH 31, 2019

  DESTINATION
ORIGIN N.L. P.E.I. N.S. N.B. Que. Ont. Man. Sask. Alta. B.C. Y.T. N.W.T. Nvt.
N.L. 0 63 339 155 22 529 59 90 1,030 288 0 35 8
P.E.I. 35 0 177 41 45 432 6 0 51 77 0 0 0
N.S. 144 149 0 748 197 1,156 16 44 870 400 0 62 163
N.B. 126 112 577 0 368 691 69 56 494 152 12 4 14
Que. 64 21 96 276 0 3,673 45 63 466 589 5 10 10
Ont. 492 295 1,386 842 2,689 0 881 540 4,282 3,534 68 78 175
Man. 35 40 141 52 150 1,468 0 653 1,354 965 12 0 34
Sask. 38 8 106 73 196 1,603 671 0 2,865 1,010 4 40 21
Alta. 427 108 681 475 699 3,731 536 1,647 0 5,577 91 95 82
B.C. 86 99 491 367 761 3,121 477 547 5,784 0 90 36 20
Y.T. 0 0 55 0 53 79 4 21 129 161 0 10 28
N.W.T. 28 0 69 10 31 120 9 29 230 94 37 0 56
Nvt. 0 0 52 11 62 129 29 5 22 40 6 18 0
N.L. P.E.I. N.S. N.B. Que. Ont. Man. Sask. Alta. B.C. Y.T. N.W.T. Nvt.
IN 1,475 895 4,170 3,050 5,273 16,732 2,802 3,695 17,577 12,887 325 388 611
OUT 2,618 864 3,949 2,675 5,318 15,262 4,904 6,635 14,149 11,879 540 713 374
NET -1,143 31 221 375 -45 1,470 -2,102 -2,940 3,428 1,008 -215 -325 237

Prince Edward Island quarterly components of growth from October 1, 2016 to April 1, 2019 can be seen in table 4.

TABLE 4: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND QUARTERLY POPULATION AND COMPONENTS OF GROWTH OCTOBER 1 2016 – APRIL 1 2019

Quarter Population (+) Births (-) Deaths (+) Immigrants (+) Other International* (+) Interprovincial In-Migration (-) Interprovincial Out-Migration
Oct 1, 2016 147,948 317 313 308 -154 427 331
Jan 1, 2017 148,202 340 299 608 -39 867 733
Apr 1, 2017 148,946 365 268 652 457 1,426 1,012
Jul 1, 2017 150,566 399 285 632 424 779 1,038
Oct 1, 2017 151,477 324 320 456 -189 569 782
Jan 1, 2018 151,535 346 305 489 70 780 906
Apr 1, 2018 152,009 371 273 525 460 1,730 1,578
Jul 1, 2018 153,244 411 299 685 844 1,097 1,232
Oct 1, 2018 154,750 334 336 437 -333 594 698
Jan 1, 2019 154,748 345 336 544 -14 895 864
Apr 1, 2019 155,318  

DIAGRAM 2: PEI COMPONENTS OF GROWTH, JANUARY 1, 2019 – MARCH 31, 2019

 

Related downloads for this release:

PEI Population Report Quarterly PDF (179KB)

Notes: Current population estimates are now based on the 2016 Census.

 
Immigration rates are calculated by the PEI Statistics Bureau based on Statistics Canada population estimates.
NPR estimates are based on the number of NPRs, not on the net. The number of people in IRCC’s administrative system is estimated on a specific date in each period of observation. First, the end-of-period number of NPR is estimated, and then the start-of-period number of NPR is subtracted from that estimate. That  yields the net number of NPR.
Source: Statistics Canada

Table 17-10-0009-01, Estimates of population, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0040-01, International migration components, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0020-01, Interprovincial migrants, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0045-01, Estimates of interprovincial migrants by province or territory of origin and destination, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0059-01, Estimates of the components of natural increase, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (number)

Prepared by  PEI Statistics Bureau

Published date: 
June 19, 2019
Finance

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