PEI Population Report Quarterly

Population Report, Third Quarter 2022

DIAGRAM 1: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND POPULATION, QUARTERLY, 2018 - 2022

On December 21, 2022 Statistics Canada published its provincial population estimates for the third quarter of 2022. The data shows Prince Edward Island’s population is estimated to be 172,707 as of October 1, 2022. This represents a yearly increase of 6,272 persons, the highest year-over-year increase on current record. This year-over-year growth rate was 3.8 per cent, the highest growth rate among provinces and territories, ahead of Nova Scotia at 3.3 per cent growth. This compares to a rate of 2.3 per cent for Canada as a whole.

The quarterly estimates since July 1, 2020 and growth rates for Canada and Prince Edward Island can be seen in Table 1.

TABLE 1: NATIONAL AND PROVINCIAL POPULATION & GROWTH RATES, QUARTERLY

  Canada Prince Edward Island
Quarter Population Growth rate (%) Population Growth rate (%)
Jul. 1, 2020 38,007,166 0.1 161,305 0.6
Oct. 1, 2020 38,007,048 0.0 161,455 0.1
Jan. 1, 2021 38,043,450 0.1 161,662 0.1
Apr. 1, 2021 38,124,373 0.2 162,866 0.7
Jul. 1, 2021 38,226,498 0.3 164,758 1.2
Oct. 1, 2021 38,426,473 0.5 166,435 1.0
Jan. 1, 2022 38,516,138 0.2 166,858 0.3
Apr. 1, 2022 38,644,920 0.3 168,358 0.9
Jul. 1, 2022 38,929,902 0.7 170,688 1.4
Oct. 1, 2022 39,292,355 0.9 172,707 1.2

All jurisdictions recorded population increases October 1, 2022 compared to October 1, 2021, with the exception of the Northwest Territories which remained stable. Population estimates for October 1, 2021 and 2022 for all provinces and territories are shown in Table 2 below. The population growth rates and level change for the twelve-month period ending September 30, 2022 are also included.

TABLE 2: POPULATION OF PROVINCES & TERRITORIES, OCTOBER 1, 2021, 2022 & ANNUAL GROWTH RATES

  Oct 1, 2021 Oct 1, 2022 Growth Level
CAN 38,426,473 39,292,355 2.3% 865,882
NL 521,854 528,818 1.3% 6,964
PEI 166,435 172,707 3.8% 6,272
NS 998,387 1,030,953 3.3% 32,566
NB 795,851 820,786 3.1% 24,935
QC 8,630,187 8,751,352 1.4% 121,165
ON 14,901,607 15,262,660 2.4% 361,053
MB 1,395,430 1,420,228 1.8% 24,798
SK 1,182,984 1,205,119 1.9% 22,135
AB 4,466,124 4,601,314 3.0% 135,190
BC 5,238,713 5,368,266 2.5% 129,553
YK 43,373 43,964 1.4% 591
NWT 45,607 45,602 0.0% -5
NU 39,921 40,586 1.7% 665

Components of Growth

The total increase in PEI’s population from July 1, 2022 to September 30, 2022 was 2,019 people.

Natural Increase

There were 390 births and 408 deaths on Prince Edward Island from July 1, 2022 to September 30, 2022, resulting in natural growth (births minus deaths) of -18.

International Migration

The third quarter of 2021 saw international immigration rebound from pandemic border restrictions, as 1,068 immigrants entered the province during that quarter. Immigration has remained strong since then, with an average of 855 immigrants arriving per quarter over the last 5 quarters. During the pandemic, the average had fallen to below 300.

The third quarter of 2022 saw 837 immigrants come to PEI. On a year-over-year basis, this is a 21.6 per cent decline (as compared to the third quarter of 2021). At a rate of 4.9 per thousand , the province had the second highest quarterly immigration rate in the country, behind Saskatchewan at 5.8 per thousand. The immigration rate for Canada was 3.1 per thousand.

Net international migration for PEI was estimated to be 2,035 persons during the third quarter of 2022. This consisted of the 837 international immigrants, 1,195 non-permanent residents (net), and 45 returning Canadians entering the province, while 30 international emigrants and 12 temporarily abroad Canadians left the province. Net international migration for PEI over the last 12-month period (October 2021 to September 2022) was 4,461. This compares to 3,151 over the previous 12-month period.

Net non-permanent residents (NPRs)  was 1,195 for the third quarter of 2022, following 730 for the second quarter. NPRs include foreign workers, foreign students, the humanitarian population and other temporary residents. The humanitarian population includes refugee claimants and temporary residents who are allowed to remain in Canada on humanitarian grounds and are not categorized as either foreign workers or foreign students.

Inter-provincial Migration

A total of 1,073 inter-provincial migrants came to PEI during the third quarter of 2022, while 1,071 people left the province for other areas of Canada, for a net interprovincial gain of only 2 people. This compares to a net gain of 413 persons over the same period in 2021. As shown in Table 3, the primary source of PEI’s inter-provincial in-migrants during this period was from Ontario, followed by Nova Scotia and Alberta. The main destinations of out-migrants from Prince Edward Island were Ontario, Alberta and British Columbia. 37.1 per cent of all interprovincial migrants from other provinces were destined for Alberta.

 

TABLE 3: ORIGIN & DESTINATION OF INTER-PROVINCIAL MIGRANTS, JULY 1, 2022 TO SEPTEMBER 30, 2022

  DESTINATION
ORIGIN N.L. P.E.I. N.S. N.B. Que. Ont. Man. Sask. Alta. B.C. Y.T. N.W.T. Nvt.
N.L. 0 6 253 150 39 610 0 0 677 153 0 0 15
P.E.I. 7 0 88 93 35 412 14 5 270 103 0 6 38
N.S. 202 193 0 584 339 1,613 64 58 1,191 541 0 20 0
N.B. 148 91 781 0 651 1,349 53 11 650 293 19 32 12
Que. 50 11 161 709 0 6,248 158 83 1,627 897 37 23 0
Ont. 928 553 4,156 3,073 4,816 0 1,715 1,003 12,290 4,882 85 119 96
Man. 27 9 36 123 379 2,221 0 432 2,162 1,278 5 18 13
Sask. 8 15 135 8 104 1,426 297 0 2,608 1,052 14 3 15
Alta. 370 98 682 406 975 3,645 659 1,572 0 4,968 65 65 26
B.C. 123 78 742 373 1,062 4,204 537 951 10,928 0 50 57 0
Y.T. 8 0 17 5 6 55 0 41 183 69 0 30 0
N.W.T. 15 4 21 71 42 154 18 10 146 70 24 0 13
Nvt. 5 15 31 5 4 198 0 21 84 0 13 11 0
 
N.L. P.E.I. N.S. N.B. Que. Ont. Man. Sask. Alta. B.C. Y.T. N.W.T. Nvt.
IN 1,891 1,073 7,103 5,600 8,452 22,135 3,515 4,187 32,816 14,306 312 384 228
OUT 1,903 1,071 4,805 4,090 10,004 33,716 6,703 5,685 13,531 19,105 414 588 387
NET -12 2 2,298 1,510 -1,552 -11,581 -3,188 -1,498 19,285 -4,799 -102 -204 -159

Prince Edward Island quarterly components of growth from April 1, 2020 to October 1, 2022 can be seen in table 4.

TABLE 4: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND QUARTERLY POPULATION AND COMPONENTS OF GROWTH APRIL 1 2020 – OCTOBER 1 2022

Quarter Population (+) Births (-) Deaths (+) Immigrants (+) Other International* (+) Interprovincial In-Migration (-) Interprovincial Out-Migration
Apr 1, 2020 160,390 324 336 283 131 1,651 1,138
Jul 1, 2020 161,305 339 329 256 -46 592 662
Oct 1, 2020 161,455 327 316 259 67 480 610
Jan 1, 2021 161,662 371 341 366 335 1,196 723
Apr 1, 2021 162,866 375 366 328 608 1,948 1,001
Jul 1, 2021 164,758 366 290 1,068 120 1,396 983
Oct 1, 2021 166,435 352 364 851 -700 983 699
Jan 1, 2022 166,858 388 380 652 32 1,525 717
Apr 1, 2022 168,358 393 409 865 726 2,366 1,611
Jul 1, 2022 170,688 390 408 837 1,198 1,073 1,071
Oct 1, 2022 172,707  

Related downloads for this release:

PEI Population Report Quarterly PDF (179KB)

Notes:

These are preliminary data that will be revised over the coming year.

These estimates are based on 2016 Census of Population counts, adjusted for census net undercoverage and incompletely enumerated Indian reserves. To these counts, the population growth estimates for the period from May 10, 2016, to the date of the estimate are added. They are not to be confused with the 2021 Census of Population counts released on February 9, 2022. Population estimates based on the 2021 Census results will be disseminated in September 2023, when census coverage study results will become available.

 
Immigration rates are calculated by the PEI Statistics Bureau based on Statistics Canada population estimates.
NPR estimates are based on the number of NPRs, not on the net. The number of people in IRCC’s administrative system is estimated on a specific date in each period of observation. First, the end-of-period number of NPR is estimated, and then the start-of-period number of NPR is subtracted from that estimate. That yields the net number of NPR.
Source: Statistics Canada

Table 17-10-0009-01, Estimates of population, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0040-01, International migration components, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0020-01, Interprovincial migrants, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0045-01, Estimates of interprovincial migrants by province or territory of origin and destination, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0059-01, Estimates of the components of natural increase, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (number)

Prepared by  PEI Statistics Bureau

Published date: 
December 22, 2022
Finance

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