PEI Population Report Quarterly
Population Report, Fourth Quarter 2021
DIAGRAM 1: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND POPULATION, QUARTERLY, 2017 - 2022
On March 17, 2022 Statistics Canada published its provincial population estimates for the fourth quarter of 2021. The data shows Prince Edward Island’s population was estimated to be 166,331 as of January 1, 2022. This represents a yearly increase of 4,817 persons, the highest year-over-year increase on current record. The year-over-year growth rate was 3.0 per cent, the highest growth rate among provinces and territories, ahead of Nova Scotia at 2.1 per cent growth. This compares to a rate of 1.2 per cent for Canada as a whole. On a regional note, Nova Scotia’s population was estimated to be 1,002,586, surpassing the one million mark for the first time.
The quarterly estimates since October 1, 2019 and growth rates for Canada and Prince Edward Island can be seen in Table 1.
TABLE 1: NATIONAL AND PROVINCIAL POPULATION & GROWTH RATES, QUARTERLY
|Canada||Prince Edward Island|
|Quarter||Population||Growth rate (%)||Population||Growth rate (%)|
|Oct. 1, 2019||37,811,399||0.6||158,778||0.9|
|Jan. 1, 2020||37,908,599||0.3||159,387||0.4|
|Apr. 1, 2020||38,000,056||0.2||160,417||0.6|
|Jul. 1, 2020||38,037,204||0.1||161,329||0.6|
|Oct. 1, 2020||38,033,014||0.0||161,402||0.0|
|Jan. 1, 2021||38,068,872||0.1||161,514||0.1|
|Apr. 1, 2021||38,153,211||0.2||162,596||0.7|
|Jul. 1, 2021||38,246,108||0.2||164,318||1.1|
|Oct. 1, 2021||38,436,447||0.5||165,936||1.0|
|Jan. 1, 2022||38,526,760||0.2||166,331||0.2|
All jurisdictions recorded population increases for January 1, 2022 compared to January 1, 2021. Population estimates for January 1, 2021 and 2022 for all provinces and territories are shown in Table 2 below. The population growth rates and level change for the twelve-month period ending December 31, 2021 are also included.
TABLE 2: POPULATION OF PROVINCES & TERRITORIES, JANUARY 1, 2020, 2021 & ANNUAL GROWTH RATES
|Jan 1, 2021||Jan 1, 2022||Growth||Level|
Components of Growth
The total increase in PEI’s population from October 1, 2021 to December 31, 2021 was 395 people.
There were 344 births and 354 deaths on Prince Edward Island during the fourth quarter of 2021, resulting in natural growth (births minus deaths) of -10.
The effects of the Covid-19 pandemic on international migration has been evident since the second quarter of 2020. The third quarter of 2021 saw international immigration rebound and this rebound continued during the fourth quarter, as 871 immigrants entered the province. On a year-over-year basis, this is a 236.3 per cent increase (as compared to the fourth quarter of 2020). At a rate of 5.2 per thousand , the province had the highest quarterly immigration rate in the country, ahead of Ontario and Yukon, both at 4.5 per thousand, and British Columbia at 4.4 per thousand. The immigration rate for Canada was 3.6 per thousand.
Net international migration was estimated to be 157 persons during the fourth quarter of 2021. This consisted of the 871 international immigrants and 9 returning Canadians entering the province, while 674 non-permanent residents (net), 42 international emigrants and 7 temporarily abroad Canadians left the province. Net international migration for PEI over the 2021 calendar year was 2,888. This compares to 1,357 for 2020.
Net non-permanent residents (NPRs) was -674 for the fourth quarter of 2021, following 103 for the third quarter. NPRs include foreign workers, foreign students, the humanitarian population and other temporary residents. The humanitarian population includes refugee claimants and temporary residents who are allowed to remain in Canada on humanitarian grounds and are not categorized as either foreign workers or foreign students.
TABLE 3: ORIGIN & DESTINATION OF INTER-PROVINCIAL MIGRANTS, OCTOBER 1, 2021 TO DECEMBER 31, 2021
TABLE 4: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND QUARTERLY POPULATION AND COMPONENTS OF GROWTH JULY 1 2019 – JANUARY 1 2022
|Quarter||Population||(+) Births||(-) Deaths||(+) Immigrants||(+) Other International*||(+) Interprovincial In-Migration||(-) Interprovincial Out-Migration|
|Jul 1, 2019||157,419||378||353||855||687||845||1,053|
|Oct 1, 2019||158,778||323||349||447||-33||1,011||790|
|Jan 1, 2020||159,387||319||360||494||-47||1,290||666|
|Apr 1, 2020||160,417||324||347||283||139||1,651||1,138|
|Jul 1, 2020||161,329||339||328||256||-62||646||778|
|Oct 1, 2020||161,402||327||329||259||35||530||710|
|Jan 1, 2021||161,514||323||350||368||308||1,298||865|
|Apr 1, 2021||162,596||328||386||328||583||2,116||1,247|
|Jul 1, 2021||164,318||351||267||1,067||77||1,359||969|
|Oct 1, 2021||165,936||344||354||871||-714||950||702|
|Jan 1, 2022||166,331|
Related downloads for this release:
PEI Population Report Quarterly PDF (179KB)
These are preliminary data that will be revised over the coming year.
These estimates are based on 2016 Census of Population counts, adjusted for census net undercoverage and incompletely enumerated Indian reserves. To these counts, the population growth estimates for the period from May 10, 2016, to the date of the estimate are added. They are not to be confused with the 2021 Census of Population counts released on February 9, 2022. Population estimates based on the 2021 Census results will be disseminated in September 2023, when census coverage study results will become available.
Source: Statistics Canada
Table 17-10-0009-01, Estimates of population, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)
Table 17-10-0040-01, International migration components, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)
Table 17-10-0020-01, Interprovincial migrants, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)
Table 17-10-0045-01, Estimates of interprovincial migrants by province or territory of origin and destination, quarterly (persons)
Table 17-10-0059-01, Estimates of the components of natural increase, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (number)
Prepared by PEI Statistics Bureau