PEI Population Report Quarterly
Population Report, First Quarter 2018
DIAGRAM 1: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND POPULATION, QUARTERLY, 2013 - 2018
On June 14, 2018 Statistics Canada published its provincial population estimates for the first quarter of 2018. The data shows Prince Edward Island’s population is estimated to be 153,116 as of April 1, 2018. This represents a yearly increase of 2,347 persons or a 1.6 per cent annual growth rate. This is the second highest year over year growth rate among provinces behind only Ontario, and compares to a rate of 1.4 per cent for Canada as a whole.
The quarterly estimates since January 1, 2016 and growth rates for Canada and Prince Edward Island can be seen in Table 1.
|Canada||Prince Edward Island|
|Quarter||Population||Growth rate (%)||Population||Growth rate (%)|
|Jan 1, 2016||36,017,869||0.2||147,619||0.3|
|Apr 1, 2016||36,122,379||0.3||148,279||0.4|
|Jul 1, 2016||36,264,604||0.4||149,472||0.8|
|Oct 1, 2016||36,415,721||0.4||150,099||0.4|
|Jan 1, 2017||36,474,968||0.2||150,271||0.1|
|Apr 1, 2017||36,560,776||0.2||150,769||0.3|
|Jul 1, 2017||36,708,083||0.4||152,021||0.8|
|Oct 1, 2017||36,885,049||0.5||152,784||0.5|
|Jan 1, 2018||36,963,854||0.2||152,768||0.0|
|Apr. 1, 2018||37,067,011||0.3||153,116||0.2|
Newfoundland and Labrador was the only jurisdiction that saw year-over-year population decline (April 1, 2018 compared to April 1, 2017). Population estimates for April 1, 2017 and 2018 for all provinces and territories are shown in Table 2 below. The population growth rates for the twelve-month period ending March 31, 2017 are also included.
|April 1, 2017||April 1, 2018||Growth|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||
|Prince Edward Island||
Components of Growth
There were 351 births and 371 deaths on Prince Edward Island from January 1, 2018 to March 31, 2018, resulting in natural growth (births minus deaths) of minus 20.
International immigration increased by 7.2 per cent in the first quarter of 2018 compared to the fourth quarter of 2017, however down 19.6 per cent compared to the same period in 2017. During the first quarter, 489 international immigrants came to the province, as compared to 456 the previous quarter. At a rate of 3.2 per thousand, the province had the second highest quarterly immigration rate in the country. The immigration rate for Canada was 2.2 per thousand.
Net international migration was estimated to be 547 persons during the first quarter of 2018. This consisted of the 489 international immigrants, 8 returning Canadians, and 82 non-permanent residents (net) entering the province, while 24 international emigrants and 8 temporarily abroad Canadians left the province. The number of net international immigrants coming to PEI over the last 12 month period (April 2017 to March 2018) was 2,953. This compares to 2,954 over the previous 12 month period.
Net non-permanent residents (NPRs) was 82 for first quarter 2018, following -192 for the fourth quarter of 2017. NPRs include foreign workers, foreign students, the humanitarian population and other temporary residents. The humanitarian population includes refugee claimants and temporary residents who are allowed to remain in Canada on humanitarian grounds and are not categorized as either foreign workers or foreign students.
A total of 778 inter-provincial migrants came to PEI in the first quarter of 2018, while 957 people left the province for other areas of Canada, for a net interprovincial loss of 179 persons. This compares to a net loss of 63 persons over the same period in 2017. As shown in Table 3, the primary source of PEI’s inter-provincial in-migrants during this period was from Ontario, followed by New Brunswick and Alberta. The main destinations of out-migrants from Prince Edward Island were to Ontario, Nova Scotia, and Alberta. Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, Yukon, and Nunavut all saw positive net interprovincial migration over the first quarter of 2018. 33.6 per cent of all interprovincial migrants from other provinces were destined for Ontario.
Prince Edward Island quarterly components of growth from October 1, 2015 to April 1, 2018 can be seen in table 4.
|Quarter||Population||(+) Births||(-) Deaths||(+) Immigrants||(+) Other International*||(+) Interprovincial In-Migration||(-) Interprovincial Out-Migration|
|Oct 1, 2015||147,238||360||367||339||57||492||500|
|Jan 1, 2016||147,619||337||357||560||-20||747||607|
|Apr 1, 2016||148,279||369||329||751||410||1,145||1,153|
|Jul 1, 2016||149,472||363||303||695||360||767||1,255|
|Oct 1, 2016||150,099||368||373||308||-152||457||436|
|Jan 1, 2017||150,271||342||363||608||-26||941||1,004|
|Apr 1, 2017||150,769||375||333||653||463||1,485||1,391|
|Jul 1, 2017||152,021||373||311||632||420||787||1,138|
|Oct 1, 2017||152,784||377||381||456||-218||581||831|
|Jan 1, 2018||152,768||351||371||489||58||778||957|
|Apr 1, 2018||153,116|
DIAGRAM 2: PEI COMPONENTS OF GROWTH, JANUARY 1, 2018 – MARCH 31, 2018
Related downloads for this release:
PEI Population Report Quarterly PDF (179KB)
Source: Statistics Canada
Statistics Canada. Table 17-10-0009-01, Estimates of population, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)
Statistics Canada. Table 17-10-0040-01, International migration components, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)
Statistics Canada. Table 17-10-0020-01, Interprovincial migrants, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)
Statistics Canada. Table 17-10-0059-01, Estimates of the components of natural increase, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (number)
Prepared by PEI Statistics Bureau
 Immigration rates are calculated by the PEI Statistics Bureau based on Statistics Canada population estimates.
 NPR estimates are based on the number of NPRs, not on the net. The number of people in IRCC’s administrative system is estimated on a specific date in each period of observation. First, the end-of-period number of NPR is estimated, and then the start-of-period number of NPR is subtracted from that estimate. That yields the net number of NPR.