COVID-19 Vaccines and Immunization Program

What you need to know about the COVID-19 vaccine for Canada brochureThe COVID-19 immunization program is underway in Prince Edward Island. The province will continue to receive vaccines through a nation-wide order placed by the federal government with several companies.

The goal of Prince Edward Island’s immunization program is to allow as many Islanders as possible to be immunized against COVID-19 as quickly as possible, while ensuring priority groups – those who are most at risk of exposure to the virus and those who are most vulnerable to the virus – are immunized first.

Every Island resident 18 and older who wants to be immunized against COVID-19 will receive an opportunity to receive the vaccine in 2021.

On this page:

Vaccination Status

Last updated on January 12, 2021

The vaccine approved for use requires 2 doses, administered a few weeks apart.

Total doses of COVID vaccine administered in PEI 4,226
People who have received 1 dose 3,072
People who have received 2 doses 1,154

How are COVID-19 vaccines approved in Canada?

The Government of Canada has signed advance purchase agreements with seven vaccine manufacturers that are in various stages of developing a COVID-19 vaccine.

Some of these are in earlier phases of clinical trials where the safety of the vaccines is being accessed, while others are in the final phase of clinical trials where they must demonstrate effectiveness. If a vaccine has favourable results from this phase, manufacturers can request Health Canada approval.

It is important to note that all COVID-19 vaccines, regardless of the manufacturer, are following the same process and protocols for approval – no steps have been skipped in the process for reviewing and approving these vaccines. Only vaccines that undergo the rigorous assessment and approval by Health Canada can be offered in Canada.

More information: Regulating vaccines for human use in Canada

What vaccines are currently available in Prince Edward Island?

  • Prince Edward Island is currently administering the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines 
  • Supply is currently limited as it will take several months before manufacturers are able to make enough doses to meet demand
  • The vaccine will eventually be available to all PEI residents 18 and older who wish to be immunized against COVID-19
  • PEI will receive additional supply of vaccine from other manufacturers beginning in the spring of 2021

Who can get the vaccine in Prince Edward Island?

It is important to ensure people who are at higher risk get the vaccine first. Prince Edward Island, like all provinces and territories, is following the National Advisory Committee on Immunization’s recently-released preliminary guidance on key populations for early COVID-19 immunization.  

In Prince Edward Island, the vaccine is being rolled out in three phases to key populations. The vaccine will eventually be available to all PEI residents 18 and older who wish to be immunized against COVID-19.

Phase 1: December 2020 – March 2021

  • Residents and staff of long-term and community care
  • Health care workers with direct patient contact at higher risk of COVID-19 exposure
  • Seniors 80 years of age and older
  • Adults 18 years of age and older living in Indigenous communities
  • Residents and staff of other residential or shared living facilities (e.g. group homes, residential care, shelters, corrections)
  • Truck drivers and other rotational workers

Phase 2: April - June 2021

  • Anyone in priority groups remaining from Phase 1
  • Health care workers not included in Phase 1
  • Seniors 70 years of age and older
  • Essential workers

Phase 3: Summer – Fall 2021

  • Anyone in priority groups remaining from Phase 2
  • General public

We will continue to update Island residents as the immunization program is rolled out and clinics are confirmed.

When can I sign-up to get the vaccine?

  • At this time, Island residents cannot sign-up to receive a COVID-19 vaccine
  • We are engaging with the priority groups identified above to be immunized during the first two phases
  • Only people who are in those groups identified in each phase of the immunization program can be vaccinated during that time
  • Vaccinations will be offered by scheduled appointment only in order to ensure COVID-19 public health measures, such as physical distancing, can be maintained
  • We will let Islanders know when they can get vaccinated and how they can make an appointment when that information is available

Where will I get the vaccine?

Initially, the vaccine will be available to people in the priority groups and clinics will be based on the best way to reach them.

Public health nursing will initially administer the vaccine to priority groups; however, as the supply of vaccine increases in the spring of 2021, we may need to work with more immunization partners to help with the roll out.

The way we deliver the vaccine clinics will also change as more vaccine is provided to our province and more people can be vaccinated.

Designated clinics will be set up across the province to help ensure as many people are vaccinated as quickly as possible during each phase. Vaccinations will be by scheduled appointment only in order to help ensure COVID-19 public health measures, such as physical distancing, can be maintained.

Some COVID-19 vaccines may require special handling, storage and shipping, so that is also part of Prince Edward Island’s planning for where vaccine clinics will be set up across the province.

How many doses of the vaccine will I need to get?

The initial vaccines that will be available to Prince Edward Island will require a person to receive two doses. This means every person vaccinated will have to get a second dose three to four weeks after their first dose. 

When you receive your vaccination, you will also get information about the type of vaccine you've received and when you will need to get the second dose.  

Will the vaccine cost anything?

No. The vaccine will be free across Canada.

Are the vaccines safe?

Yes. Like all vaccines, Health Canada reviews the safety and effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines that will be used throughout the country.  A vaccine must go through this process successfully before it can be used.

Like all other provinces and territories, Prince Edward Island will receive vaccines from several manufacturers and each vaccine will have to go through the same approval process. Since they are new, the COVID-19 vaccines will undergo more rigorous monitoring for any reactions or adverse events.

Are there any side-effects to the COVID-19 vaccines?

Like with other vaccines, side-effects from the COVID-19 vaccine are expected and are similar to what you may experience with other others, such as the influenza vaccine (flu shot).

People who receive the vaccine may experience mild or moderate side-effects such as pain where the vaccine was injected, tiredness, muscle aches, headache, chills or a mild fever as the body begins to respond to the vaccine and build immunity.

More information about the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine and the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine is available online.

Can I still get vaccinated if I tested positive for COVID-19?

Yes, even though you may have already tested positive for COVID-19 you can still be immunized against COVID-19. If you are still positive for the virus or experiencing symptoms, you may need to wait several weeks until you have recovered before getting the vaccine.  

What else do I need to know?

Receiving a vaccine can help prevent COVID-19, protect the health of Islanders, and limit the possibility of strain on our health care system.  

All Islanders must still follow public health measures, even when a vaccine is available, such as staying home when sick, washing your hands often and wearing a mask in indoor public spaces.

What you should know about COVID-19 

Drug and vaccine authorizations for COVID-19

This page will be updated with more information about COVID-19 vaccines and Prince Edward Island’s plans to deliver them. Visit regularly for the most up-to-date information and related announcements.



Published date: 
January 15, 2021
Health and Wellness

General Inquiries

Department of Health and Wellness
4th Floor North, Shaw Building
105 Rochford Street
Charlottetown, PE   C1A 7N8

Phone: 902-368-6414
Fax: 902-368-4121