Preventing Opioid-Related Overdoses

Naloxone reverses the effects of opioids from an overdose.
PUBLIC HEALTH ALERT - Issued 3 May 2018: The Chief Public Health Officer is alerting Islanders of the presence of a highly potent opioid, fentanyl, in the province of Prince Edward Island. 

Opioids are drugs that include prescribed pain relievers, like codeine or morphine, as well as illegal drugs, like heroin. Patients can benefit from opioids that are prescribed and used properly. When opioids are misused, they can be deadly.

Unknowingly, potent opioids like fentanyl may be put in illegally produced pills that look like prescription medications, including Percocet, Oxycontin and Xanax. None of these commercially produced formulations contain fentanyl.

In Canada, opioid use and overdose deaths are on the rise.

Call 911 right away, if you think someone is overdosing.  An overdose on opioids can quickly lead to death.

Signs on an Opioid Overdose: blue lips or nails; dizziness and confusion; can't be woken up; choking, gurgling or snoring sounds; slow, weak or no breathing and/or drowsiness or difficulty staying awake

Taking action

Drug overdose deaths are preventable.

The provincial government has developed an action plan to prevent and mitigate unintentional opioid overdoses and deaths among youth and adults in Prince Edward Island.

Reduce your risk

What are situations that can put me at risk of an opioid-related overdose?

  • mixing substances including alcohol and prescription drugs
  • recreational or one time use
  • changes in prescription
  • using after period of reduced or no drug use

How can I reduce my risk of overdose?

  • Don't use alone
  • know your tolerance (that is, how much you can take)
  • have a Naloxone kit with you, and know how to use it
  • start with a small amount to check the strength
  • do not take opioids with alcohol or other drugs (unless prescribed by your doctor)

Where is Naloxone available?Image of PEI map that shows locations of Provincial Needle Exchange Program as being: Tignish, Alberton, O'Leary, Summerside, Charlottetown, Montague and Souris

Naloxone kits are available free of charge to people who are at high risk of opioid-related overdoses, at the following locations:

  • Needle Exchange Program
  • Provincial Addictions Treatment Facility 
  • Queen Street Recovery Clinic
  • Montague/Souris Community Mental Health and Addictions
  • Provincial Corrections Center

Hospitals, emergency departments, provincial correctional facilities, opioid replacement clinics, EMS and police are all equipped with Naloxone.

Anyone can purchase a naloxone kit without a prescription (cost is approximately $50) at most PEI pharmacies.

Treatment for Opioid Addiction and Misuse

Where can I get treatment?

If you are addicted to opioid drugs, treatment and supports are available to help you recover. To learn more, visit Opioid Replacement Therapy Program.

What other services are available to people who use drugs?

The Needle Exchange Program provides confidential services including clean needles and other supplies, immunization, testing, wound care, education, and referrals. 


Opioid-Related Overdoses and Deaths in PEI

Opioid-related overdose and death surveillance reports are posted here on a quarterly schedule. This information helps to inform program planning and to identify sudden increases in overdoses or deaths.

  • All overdose cases reported below involved mixed toxicology (i.e. one or more opioids combined with one or more non-opioid substances, such as alcohol).

  • All deaths reported below involved mixed toxicology (i.e. one or more opioids, plus one or more non-opioid substances).

Time period
Number of accidental opioid-related overdoses in PEI1
Number of accidental apparent opioid-related deaths in PEI2
January to March, 2018 4 not yet available4
2017 103 14
2016
not available
5

1 Accidental/unintentional overdoses involving opioids does not include overdoses that occurred as a result of intentional self-inflicted harm.

2 Accidental/unintentional deaths involving opioids does not include deaths that occurred as a result of intentional self-inflicted harm; only closed (certified) cases are reported.

3 Surveillance by the Chief Public Health Office of toxicological cases presenting to PEI’s emergency departments began in May 2017. 

4 Due to the length of time required for death investigations, accidental apparent opioid-related deaths are reported with a minimum 3-month lag.

 

 

Published date: 
April 10, 2018
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General Inquiries

Department of Health and Wellness
4th Floor North, Shaw Building
105 Rochford Street
Charlottetown, PE   C1A 7N8

Phone: (902) 368-6414
Fax: (902) 368-4121

healthweb@gov.pe.ca