Cancer Prevention and Healthy Living

Prevention is an important part in reducing your risk in developing cancer. About one-third of all cancer can be prevented by:

  • eating well;
  • being active;
  • maintaining a healthy body weight; and
  • not smoking.

Smoking, obesity and physical inactivity are three of the leading risk factors for developing cancer. Living a healthy lifestyle including eating vegetables and fruit, regular physical activity, and reducing tobacco and alcohol consumption can make a difference in our overall health and well-being.

What can I do to decrease my chance of getting cancer?

Consider the following tips to help reduce your risk of developing cancer:

Quitting smoking is the most important thing you can do for your health. There are many options available to help you prepare to quit smoking. Call the Smoker’s Help Line at 1-877-513-5333 or visit for tips, tools and support. Learn more about quitting smoking and how to get help.

Drinking alcohol can increase your risk of developing cancer, as well as other health problems such as high blood pressure, diabetes and liver damage. The less alcohol you drink, the more you will reduce your risk. Learn more about alcohol reduction and addiction support in PEI.

Healthy eating
Research shows that 30-35 per cent of all cancers can be prevented by what you eat and by maintaining a healthy body weight. Eat a well balanced diet as recommended in Canada's Food Guide.  Learn more about healthy eating programs, visit  

Physical activity
Regular physical activity can help protect you against cancer. It’s also one of the best ways to help you stay at a healthy body weight. By participating in moderate to vigorous physical activity, such as walking, swimming, biking, or running, it can help lower your risk of cancer, and other chronic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes. For more about programs and information on physical activity, visit

Sun exposure and tanning
Natural sunlight is important to your health; however, too much sun can be harmful. You should be aware of the UV index, wear protective clothing, seek shade and apply sunblock accordingly before spending time in direct sunlight. Your time in strong sunlight should be limited. The use of tanning beds is not recommended. For sun safety tips, visit the Canadian Dermatology Association website.

To learn more about cancer prevention, visit the Canadian Cancer Society website.

Published date: 
December 1, 2020
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