PEI Population Report Quarterly

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Population Report, First Quarter 2022

DIAGRAM 1: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND POPULATION, QUARTERLY, 2017 - 2022

On June 22, 2022 Statistics Canada published its provincial population estimates for the first quarter of 2022. The data shows Prince Edward Island’s population is estimated to be 167,680 as of April 1, 2022. This represents a yearly increase of 5,084 persons or a 3.1 per cent annual growth rate. This is the largest year-over-year increase in population for PEI on record (since 1951). This is also the highest year-over-year growth rate among provinces and territories, ahead of Nova Scotia and Nunavut, which were 2.2 per cent and 1.9 per cent respectively. This compares to a rate of 1.3 per cent for Canada as a whole.

The quarterly estimates since January 1, 2020 and growth rates for Canada and Prince Edward Island can be seen in Table 1.

TABLE 1: NATIONAL AND PROVINCIAL POPULATION & GROWTH RATES, QUARTERLY

  Canada Prince Edward Island
Quarter Population Growth rate (%) Population Growth rate (%)
Jan. 1, 2020 37,908,599 0.3 159,387 0.4
Apr. 1, 2020 38,000,056 0.2 160,417 0.6
Jul. 1, 2020 38,037,204 0.1 161,329 0.6
Oct. 1, 2020 38,033,014 0.0 161,402 0.0
Jan. 1, 2021 38,068,872 0.1 161,514 0.1
Apr. 1, 2021 38,153,211 0.2 162,596 0.7
Jul. 1, 2021 38,246,108 0.2 164,318 1.1
Oct. 1, 2021 38,436,447 0.5 165,936 1.0
Jan. 1, 2022 38,526,760 0.2 166,331 0.2
Apr. 1, 2022 38,654,738 0.3 167,680 0.8

Northwest Territories was the only jurisdiction to see a year-over-year population decline (April 1, 2022 compared to April 1, 2021). Population estimates for April 1, 2021 and 2022 for all provinces and territories are shown in Table 2 below. The population growth rates and level change for the twelve-month period ending March 31, 2022 are also included.

TABLE 2: POPULATION OF PROVINCES & TERRITORIES, APRIL 1, 2021, 2022 & ANNUAL GROWTH RATES

  Apr 1, 2021 Apr 1, 2022 Growth Level
CAN 38,153,211 38,654,738 1.3% 501,527
NL 519,693 522,875 0.6% 3,182
PEI 162,596 167,680 3.1% 5,084
NS 985,776 1,007,049 2.2% 21,273
NB 785,819 800,243 1.8% 14,424
QC 8,587,179 8,653,184 0.8% 66,005
ON 14,795,883 15,007,816 1.4% 211,933
MB 1,383,638 1,393,179 0.7% 9,541
SK 1,180,314 1,186,308 0.5% 5,994
AB 4,438,772 4,500,917 1.4% 62,145
BC 5,185,990 5,286,528 1.9% 100,538
YK 42,586 43,249 1.6% 663
NWT 45,629 45,607 0.0% -22
NU 39,336 40,103 1.9% 767

Components of Growth

The total increase in PEI’s population during the first quarter of 2022 (January 1, 2022 to March 31, 2022) was 1,349 people.

Natural Increase

There were 341 births and 381 deaths on Prince Edward Island from January 1, 2022 to March 31, 2022, resulting in natural growth (births minus deaths) of minus 40.

International Migration

During first quarter 2022, 651 international immigrants came to the province, as compared to 871 the previous quarter. However, immigration is rebounding from the pandemic, up 76.9 per cent on a year-over-year basis as compared to the first quarter of 2021. At a rate of 3.9 per thousand , the province had the highest quarterly immigration rate in the country, along with British Columbia and Yukon also at 3.9 per thousand. The immigration rate for Canada was 2.9 per thousand.

Net international migration was estimated to be 652 persons during the first quarter of 2022. This consisted of the 651 international immigrants, 26 non-permanent residents (net), and 10 returning Canadians entering the province, while 24 international emigrants and 11 temporarily abroad Canadians left the province. Net international migration for PEI over the last 12-month period (April 2021 to March 2022) was 2,964. This compares to 1,586 over the previous 12-month period.

Net non-permanent residents (NPRs)  was +26 for the first quarter of 2022, following -674 for the fourth quarter of 2021. NPRs include foreign workers, foreign students, the humanitarian population and other temporary residents. The humanitarian population includes refugee claimants and temporary residents who are allowed to remain in Canada on humanitarian grounds and are not categorized as either foreign workers or foreign students.

Inter-provincial Migration

A total of 1,484 inter-provincial migrants came to PEI during the first quarter of 2022, while 747 people left the province for other areas of Canada, for a net interprovincial gain of 737. This compares to a net gain of 433 persons over the same period in 2021. As shown in Table 3, the primary source of PEI’s inter-provincial in-migrants during this period was from Ontario, followed by Nova Scotia and Alberta. The main destinations of out-migrants from Prince Edward Island were Nova Scotia, Ontario, and New Brunswick. 33.2 per cent of all interprovincial migrants from other provinces were destined for Alberta.

 

TABLE 3: ORIGIN & DESTINATION OF INTER-PROVINCIAL MIGRANTS, JANUARY 1, 2022 TO MARCH 31, 2022

  DESTINATION
ORIGIN N.L. P.E.I. N.S. N.B. Que. Ont. Man. Sask. Alta. B.C. Y.T. N.W.T. Nvt.
N.L. 0 35 251 49 119 521 0 50 539 113 0 30 7
P.E.I. 7 0 262 97 59 194 0 0 85 15 0 0 28
N.S. 284 138 0 567 222 1,257 75 124 449 322 0 41 19
N.B. 138 119 730 0 469 784 35 19 446 153 4 0 0
Que. 27 17 158 306 0 3,373 179 79 728 860 5 5 48
Ont. 1,042 968 2,839 3,137 3,918 0 1,064 1,061 7,615 4,770 122 130 257
Man. 36 17 66 138 109 1,175 0 463 1,889 1,041 8 0 50
Sask. 29 4 123 51 75 1,048 329 0 2,795 1,142 52 13 18
Alta. 502 137 912 418 548 4,038 574 1,863 0 7,286 96 186 69
B.C. 122 49 500 237 872 2,748 468 632 7,033 0 125 29 43
Y.T. 0 0 4 0 10 6 0 7 65 124 0 12 0
N.W.T. 26 0 43 0 29 49 28 23 308 73 19 0 19
Nvt. 6 0 29 10 34 164 11 0 28 10 5 26 0
 
N.L. P.E.I. N.S. N.B. Que. Ont. Man. Sask. Alta. B.C. Y.T. N.W.T. Nvt.
IN 2,219 1,484 5,917 5,010 6,464 15,357 2,763 4,321 21,980 15,909 436 472 558
OUT 1,714 747 3,498 2,897 5,785 26,923 4,992 5,679 16,629 12,858 228 617 323
NET 505 737 2,419 2,113 679 -11,566 -2,229 -1,358 5,351 3,051 208 -145 235

TABLE 4: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND QUARTERLY POPULATION AND COMPONENTS OF GROWTH OCTOBER 1 2019 – APRIL 1 2022

Quarter Population (+) Births (-) Deaths (+) Immigrants (+) Other International* (+) Interprovincial In-Migration (-) Interprovincial Out-Migration
Oct 1, 2019 158,778 323 349 447 -33 1,011 790
Jan 1, 2020 159,387 319 360 494 -47 1,290 666
Apr 1, 2020 160,417 324 347 283 139 1,651 1,138
Jul 1, 2020 161,329 339 328 256 -62 646 778
Oct 1, 2020 161,402 327 329 259 35 530 710
Jan 1, 2021 161,514 323 350 368 308 1,298 865
Apr 1, 2021 162,596 328 386 328 583 2,116 1,247
Jul 1, 2021 164,318 351 267 1,067 77 1,359 969
Oct 1, 2021 165,936 344 354 871 -714 950 702
Jan 1, 2022 166,331 341 381 651 1 1,484 747
Apr 1, 2022 167,680  

Related downloads for this release:

PEI Population Report Quarterly PDF (179KB)

Notes:

These are preliminary data that will be revised over the coming year.

These estimates are based on 2016 Census of Population counts, adjusted for census net undercoverage and incompletely enumerated Indian reserves. To these counts, the population growth estimates for the period from May 10, 2016, to the date of the estimate are added. They are not to be confused with the 2021 Census of Population counts released on February 9, 2022. Population estimates based on the 2021 Census results will be disseminated in September 2023, when census coverage study results will become available.

 
Immigration rates are calculated by the PEI Statistics Bureau based on Statistics Canada population estimates.
NPR estimates are based on the number of NPRs, not on the net. The number of people in IRCC’s administrative system is estimated on a specific date in each period of observation. First, the end-of-period number of NPR is estimated, and then the start-of-period number of NPR is subtracted from that estimate. That yields the net number of NPR.
Source: Statistics Canada

Table 17-10-0009-01, Estimates of population, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0040-01, International migration components, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0020-01, Interprovincial migrants, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0045-01, Estimates of interprovincial migrants by province or territory of origin and destination, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0059-01, Estimates of the components of natural increase, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (number)

Prepared by  PEI Statistics Bureau

Date de publication : 
le 22 Juin 2022
Finances

Renseignements généraux

Ministère des Finances
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95, rue Rochford
C.P. 2000
Charlottetown (Î.-P.-É.) C1A 7N8

Téléphone : 902-368-4040
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