PEI Population Report Quarterly

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Population Report, Second Quarter 2021

DIAGRAM 1: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND POPULATION, QUARTERLY, 2016 - 2021

 

TABLE 1: NATIONAL AND PROVINCIAL POPULATION & GROWTH RATES, QUARTERLY

  Canada Prince Edward Island
Quarter Population Growth rate (%) Population Growth rate (%)
Apr. 1, 2019 37,422,946 0.3 155,916 0.4
Jul. 1, 2019 37,601,230 0.5 157,419 1.0
Oct. 1, 2019 37,811,399 0.6 158,778 0.9
Jan. 1, 2020 37,908,599 0.3 159,387 0.4
Apr. 1, 2020 38,000,056 0.2 160,417 0.6
Jul. 1, 2020 38,037,204 0.1 161,329 0.6
Oct. 1, 2020 38,033,014 0.0 161,402 0.0
Jan. 1, 2021 38,068,872 0.1 161,514 0.1
Apr. 1, 2021 38,153,211 0.2 162,596 0.7
Jul. 1, 2021 38,246,108 0.2 164,318 1.1

Newfoundland and Labrador was the only jurisdictions to see a year-over-year population decline (July 1, 2021 compared to July 1, 2020). Population estimates for July 1, 2020 and 2021 for all provinces and territories are shown in Table 2 below. The population growth rates and level change for the twelve-month period ending June 30, 2021 are also included.

TABLE 2: POPULATION OF PROVINCES & TERRITORIES, JULY 1, 2020, 2021 & ANNUAL GROWTH RATES

  Jul 1, 2020 Jul 1, 2021 Growth Level
CAN 38,037,204 38,246,108 0.5% 208,904
NL 521,364 520,553 -0.2% -811
PEI 161,329 164,318 1.9% 2,989
NS 981,889 992,055 1.0% 10,166
NB 783,204 789,225 0.8% 6,021
QC 8,578,300 8,604,495 0.3% 26,195
ON 14,745,712 14,826,276 0.5% 80,564
MB 1,380,648 1,383,765 0.2% 3,117
SK 1,179,300 1,179,844 0.0% 544
AB 4,420,029 4,442,879 0.5% 22,850
BC 5,158,728 5,214,805 1.1% 56,077
YK 42,174 42,986 1.9% 812
NWT 45,372 45,504 0.3% 132
NU 39,155 39,403 0.6% 248

Components of Growth

The total increase in PEI’s population from April 1, 2021 to June 30, 2021 was 1,722 people.

Natural Increase

There were 328 births and 386 deaths on Prince Edward Island from April 1, 2021 to June 30, 2021, resulting in natural growth (births minus deaths) of minus 58.

International Migration

The effects of the Covid-19 pandemic on international migration has been evident since the second quarter of 2020. International immigration decreased by 10.8 per cent in the third quarter of 2020 compared to the second quarter of 2020, following a decline of 42.1 per cent in the second quarter. Immigration during the fourth quarter of 2020 remained steady compared to the previous quarter but was down 42.3 per cent compared to the same period in 2019.

During second quarter of 2021, 328 international immigrants came to the province, as compared to 368 the previous quarter. Immigration was up on a year-over-year basis, rising 15.9 per cent as compared to the second quarter of 2020. At a rate of 2.0 per thousand , the province had the fourth highest quarterly immigration rate in the country, behind Yukon at 3.6 per thousand, Ontario at 2.6 per thousand, and British Columbia at 2.4 per thousand. The immigration rate for Canada was 1.9 per thousand.

Net international migration was estimated to be 911 persons during the second quarter of 2021. This consisted of the 328 international immigrants, 604 non-permanent residents (net), and 5 returning Canadians entering the province, while 22 international emigrants and 4 temporarily abroad Canadians left the province. Net international migration for PEI over the last 12-month period (July 2020 to June 2021) was 2,075. This compares to 2,825 over the previous 12-month period.

Net non-permanent residents (NPRs)  was +604 for the second quarter of 2021, following +324 for the first quarter. NPRs include foreign workers, foreign students, the humanitarian population and other temporary residents. The humanitarian population includes refugee claimants and temporary residents who are allowed to remain in Canada on humanitarian grounds and are not categorized as either foreign workers or foreign students.

 

Inter-provincial Migration

A total of 2,116 inter-provincial migrants came to PEI during the second quarter of 2021, while 1,247 people left the province for other areas of Canada, for a net interprovincial gain of 869. This compares to a net gain of 513 persons over the same period in 2020. As shown in Table 3, the primary source of PEI’s inter-provincial in-migrants during this period was from Ontario, followed by Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. The main destinations of out-migrants from Prince Edward Island were also Ontario, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. 29.9 per cent of all interprovincial migrants from other provinces were destined for British Columbia.

 

TABLE 3: ORIGIN & DESTINATION OF INTER-PROVINCIAL MIGRANTS, APRIL 1, 2021 TO JUNE 30, 2021

  DESTINATION
ORIGIN N.L. P.E.I. N.S. N.B. Que. Ont. Man. Sask. Alta. B.C. Y.T. N.W.T. Nvt.
N.L. 0 10 340 255 101 713 13 31 511 269 6 24 35
P.E.I. 66 0 187 259 59 391 53 14 63 94 50 0 11
N.S. 325 266 0 631 295 1,453 91 88 677 640 57 37 25
N.B. 117 189 925 0 748 782 57 26 504 383 9 0 12
Que. 134 112 310 719 0 5,798 152 120 960 1,682 31 5 75
Ont. 1,239 1,147 4,687 2,830 6,812 0 1,434 1,198 7,610 9,671 153 207 218
Man. 16 37 195 86 363 2,070 0 670 2,072 2,200 8 10 42
Sask. 57 54 177 74 186 1,979 619 0 3,341 2,224 30 12 3
Alta. 794 176 1,516 670 1,129 6,722 946 2,298 0 14,447 116 162 110
B.C. 233 112 809 301 900 4,917 704 890 7,462 0 150 122 36
Y.T. 0 0 4 7 7 142 33 15 71 164 0 10 3
N.W.T. 63 0 53 30 88 127 18 44 286 101 50 0 31
Nvt. 70 13 60 35 36 255 36 0 82 51 6 48 0
 
N.L. P.E.I. N.S. N.B. Que. Ont. Man. Sask. Alta. B.C. Y.T. N.W.T. Nvt.
IN 3,114 2,116 9,263 5,897 10,724 25,349 4,156 5,394 23,639 31,926 666 637 601
OUT 2,308 1,247 4,585 3,752 10,098 37,206 7,769 8,756 29,086 16,636 456 891 692
NET 806 869 4,678 2,145 626 -11,857 -3,613 -3,362 -5,447 15,290 210 -254 -91

 

TABLE 4: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND QUARTERLY POPULATION AND COMPONENTS OF GROWTH JANUARY 1 2019 – JULY 1 2021

Quarter Population (+) Births (-) Deaths (+) Immigrants (+) Other International* (+) Interprovincial In-Migration (-) Interprovincial Out-Migration
Jan 1, 2019 155,254 299 331 544 17 793 660
Apr 1, 2019 155,916 325 347 601 505 1,510 1,091
Jul 1, 2019 157,419 378 353 855 687 845 1,053
Oct 1, 2019 158,778 323 349 447 -33 1,011 790
Jan 1, 2020 159,387 319 360 494 -47 1,290 666
Apr 1, 2020 160,417 324 347 283 139 1,651 1,138
Jul 1, 2020 161,329 339 328 256 -62 646 778
Oct 1, 2020 161,402 327 329 259 35 530 710
Jan 1, 2021 161,514 323 350 368 308 1,298 865
Apr 1, 2021 162,596 328 386 328 583 2,116 1,247
Jul 1, 2021 164,318  

 

Related downloads for this release:

PEI Population Report Quarterly PDF (179KB)

Notes: Current population estimates are now based on the 2016 Census.

 
Immigration rates are calculated by the PEI Statistics Bureau based on Statistics Canada population estimates.
NPR estimates are based on the number of NPRs, not on the net. The number of people in IRCC’s administrative system is estimated on a specific date in each period of observation. First, the end-of-period number of NPR is estimated, and then the start-of-period number of NPR is subtracted from that estimate. That  yields the net number of NPR.
Source: Statistics Canada

Table 17-10-0009-01, Estimates of population, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0040-01, International migration components, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0020-01, Interprovincial migrants, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0045-01, Estimates of interprovincial migrants by province or territory of origin and destination, quarterly (persons)

Table 17-10-0059-01, Estimates of the components of natural increase, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (number)

Prepared by  PEI Statistics Bureau

Date de publication : 
le 29 Septembre 2021
Finances

Renseignements généraux

Ministère des Finances
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95, rue Rochford
C.P. 2000
Charlottetown (Î.-P.-É.) C1A 7N8

Téléphone : 902-368-4040
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