PEI Population Report Quarterly
Population Report, Third Quarter 2018
DIAGRAM 1: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND POPULATION, QUARTERLY, 2013 - 2018
On December 20, 2018 Statistics Canada published its provincial population estimates for the third quarter of 2018. The data shows Prince Edward Island’s population is estimated to be 154,750 as of October 1, 2018. This represents a yearly increase of 3,273 persons or a 2.2 per cent annual growth rate. This is the highest year over year growth rate among provinces, ahead of Ontario at 1.8 percent, and compares to a rate of 1.4 per cent for Canada as a whole.
The quarterly estimates since July 1, 2016 and growth rates for Canada and Prince Edward Island can be seen in Table 1.
TABLE 1: NATIONAL AND PROVINCIAL POPULATION & GROWTH RATES, QUARTERLY
|Canada||Prince Edward Island|
|Quarter||Population||Growth rate (%)||Population||Growth rate (%)|
|Jul 1, 2016||36,109,487||0.4||146,969||0.8|
|Oct 1, 2016||36,256,107||0.4||147,948||0.7|
|Jan 1, 2017||36,309,132||0.1||148,202||0.2|
|Apr 1, 2017||36,394,788||0.2||148,946||0.5|
|Jul 1, 2017||36,540,268||0.4||150,566||1.1|
|Oct 1, 2017||36,712,658||0.5||151,477||0.6|
|Jan 1, 2018||36,786,021||0.2||151,535||0.0|
|Apr 1, 2018||36,890,169||0.3||152,009||0.3|
|Jul 1, 2018||37,058,856||0.5||153,244||0.8|
|Oct 1, 2018||37,242,571||0.5||154,750||1.0|
Newfoundland and Labrador was the only jurisdiction that saw year-over-year population decline (October 1, 2018 compared to October 1, 2017). Population estimates for October 1, 2017 and 2018 for all provinces and territories are shown in Table 2 below. The population growth rates for the twelve-month period ending September 30, 2018 are also included.
TABLE 2: POPULATION OF PROVINCES & TERRITORIES, OCTOBER 1, 2017, 2018 & ANNUAL GROWTH RATES
Components of Growth
There were 411 births and 299 deaths on Prince Edward Island from July 1, 2018 to September 30, 2018, resulting in natural growth (births minus deaths) of 112.
International immigration increased by 30.5 per cent in the third quarter of 2018 compared to the second quarter and up 8.4 per cent compared to the same period in 2017. During the third quarter, 685 international immigrants came to the province, as compared to 525 the previous quarter. At a rate of 4.4 per thousand, the province had the highest quarterly immigration rate in the country. The immigration rate for Canada was 2.2 per thousand.
Net international migration was estimated to be 1,529 persons during the third quarter of 2018. This consisted of the 685 international immigrants, 14 returning Canadians, and 880 non-permanent residents (net) entering the province, while 38 international emigrants and 12 temporarily abroad Canadians left the province. The number of net international immigrants coming to PEI over the last 12 month period (October 2017 to September 2018) was 3,340. This compares to 2,888 over the previous 12 month period.Net non-permanent residents (NPRs) was 880 for the third quarter of 2018, following 483 for the second quarter of 2018. NPRs include foreign workers, foreign students, the humanitarian population and other temporary residents. The humanitarian population includes refugee claimants and temporary residents who are allowed to remain in Canada on humanitarian grounds and are not categorized as either foreign workers or foreign students.
A total of 1,097 inter-provincial migrants came to PEI in the third quarter of 2018, while 1,232 people left the province for other areas of Canada, for a net interprovincial loss of 135 persons. This compares to a net loss of -259 persons over the same period in 2017. As shown in Table 3, the primary source of PEI’s inter-provincial in-migrants during this period was from Ontario, followed by British Columbia and Nova Scotia. The main destinations of out-migrants from Prince Edward Island were to Ontario, Alberta, and New Brunswick. Nova Scotia, Ontario, Alberta, and Nunavut all saw positive net interprovincial migration over the third quarter of 2018. 38.2 per cent of all interprovincial migrants from other provinces were destined for Ontario.
TABLE 3: ORIGIN & DESTINATION OF INTER-PROVINCIAL MIGRANTS, JULY 1, 2018 TO SEPTEMBER 30, 2018
Prince Edward Island quarterly components of growth from April 1, 2016 to October 1, 2018 can be seen in table 4.
TABLE 4: PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND QUARTERLY POPULATION AND COMPONENTS OF GROWTH APRIL 1 2016 – OCTOBER 1 2018
|Quarter||Population||(+) Births||(-) Deaths||(+) Immigrants||(+) Other International*||(+) Interprovincial In-Migration||(-) Interprovincial Out-Migration|
|Apr 1, 2016||145,784||358||263||751||406||1,145||1,153|
|Jul 1, 2016||146,969||391||279||695||372||724||924|
|Oct 1, 2016||147,948||317||313||308||-154||427||331|
|Jan 1, 2017||148,202||340||299||608||-39||867||733|
|Apr 1, 2017||148,946||365||268||652||457||1,426||1,012|
|Jul 1, 2017||150,566||399||285||632||424||779||1,038|
|Oct 1, 2017||151,477||324||320||456||-189||569||782|
|Jan 1, 2018||151,535||346||305||489||70||780||906|
|Apr 1, 2018||152,009||371||273||525||460||1,730||1,578|
|Jul 1, 2018||153,244||411||299||685||844||1,097||1,232|
|Oct 1, 2018||154,750|
DIAGRAM 2: PEI COMPONENTS OF GROWTH, JULY 1, 2018 – SEPTEMBER 30, 2018
Related downloads for this release:
PEI Population Report Quarterly PDF (179KB)
Note: Current population estimates are now based on the 2016 Census. Exceptionally this year, annual demographic estimates (from July 1, 2017 to June 30, 2018) for the population by sex and age group will be released in January 2019.
Source: Statistics Canada
Table 17-10-0009-01, Estimates of population, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)
Table 17-10-0040-01, International migration components, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)
Table 17-10-0020-01, Interprovincial migrants, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (persons)
Table 17-10-0045-01, Estimates of interprovincial migrants by province or territory of origin and destination, quarterly (persons)
Table 17-10-0059-01, Estimates of the components of natural increase, Canada, provinces and territories, quarterly (number)
Prepared by PEI Statistics Bureau
 Immigration rates are calculated by the PEI Statistics Bureau based on Statistics Canada population estimates.
 NPR estimates are based on the number of NPRs, not on the net. The number of people in IRCC’s administrative system is estimated on a specific date in each period of observation. First, the end-of-period number of NPR is estimated, and then the start-of-period number of NPR is subtracted from that estimate. That yields the net number of NPR.