Municipal Incorporations

What does it mean when a municipality becomes incorporated?

Municipal incorporation occurs when a group of residents want to become self-governing under the laws of the province as a municipality. Municipalities currently are incorporated as a city, town or community.

Why would residents want to incorporate as a municipality?

There are many reasons why residents choose to incorporate as a municipality. Some of the most common reasons are to:

  • provide local services,
  • regulate through bylaws, and
  • work as a community towards community and economic development.

How does a resident of an unincorporated area apply for incorporation as a municipality?

A group of residents must submit an application to the Minister responsible for Communities, Land and Environment, which contains a:

  • petition with signatures of at least 25 residents in the area, and:
    • a request for a municipality
    • a description of the proposed boundaries of the municipality
    • a description of type of municipality – town or community, and
    • a listing of services to be provided by the municipality

What happens once an application for incorporation has been submitted?

When the Minister responsible for Communities, Land and Environment receives a completed application, he/she calls a public meeting of the residents in the area to determine public support for the proposal. The Minister may also hold a plebiscite and/or request a feasibility study. If the Minister supports the proposal, a recommendation is made to Cabinet, who has final authority to establish a municipality.

What role does Municipal Affairs have in municipal incorporations?

The role of the Municipal Affairs branch is to:

  • explain the application process;
  • explain the responsibilities, powers and requirements for a municipality once it is approved;
  • assist the Minister responsible for Communities, Land and Environment in assessing whether or not the proposed municipality is feasible;
  • hold a public meeting to explain the details of an application; and
  • assess whether or not there is local support for the proposal.

For further details on the municipal incorporation process, please see our Information Sheet on Creating a New Municipality.

Published date: 
July 6, 2015
Communities, Land and Environment department logo

General Inquiries

Department of Communities, Land and Environment
4th Floor, Jones Building
11 Kent Street
PO Box 2000
Charlottetown, PE   C1A 7N8

Phone: 1-866-368-5044
Fax: (902) 368-5830

CLE@gov.pe.ca