COVID-19 Self-Isolation

The required period for self-isolation in PEI is 14 days. Self-isolation means staying home and limiting contact with others. A negative COVID-19 test result does not shorten the length of your self-isolation period.

Self-isolation can help to prevent the spread of COVID-19. When you are exposed to an illness, there is a time between the exposure and when you start to feel sick, known as the incubation period. There is a small chance you could spread germs during these few days. Staying home in isolation lower the chance of spreading COVID-19 to others.

If you have symptoms of COVID-19 and are waiting for a test result, you must self-isolate. Members of your household do not have to self-isolate with you, but everyone must practice public health measures including hand washing, enhanced cleaning of shared surfaces and equipment, limit the number of close contacts, and physical distancing. If a child has symptoms and is waiting for a COVID-19 test result, a parent or guardian must stay home with the child.

Fines and reporting

The Chief Public Health Officer may issue a fine to anyone who is not following self-isolation rules. For details, download Public Health Order for COVID-19 Self-Isolation.

If you have a concern about someone who is not complying with the rules of self-isolation, call the COVID-19 information line at 1-800-958-6400 (toll-free).

Frequently asked questions

When do I have to self-isolate?

If you have been diagnosed with COVID-19, you must self-isolate for at least 14 days once symptoms begin until you are cleared by a public health official.

If you have symptoms and are waiting for your COVID-19 test result, your requirement to self-isolate is determined by your exposure criteria – or your answer to this question: Have you travelled or had close contact with a positive COVID-19 case?

  • If YES, you must self-isolate for 14 days from the date of your test. A negative COVID-19 test result during this period will not shorten the length of your self-isolation period.
  • If NO, you only need to self-isolate until you receive a negative COVID-19 test result, unless otherwise instructed by a public health official.

If you've had close contact with someone who is a confirmed case of COVID-19, you must self-isolate for a period of 14 days from the last day of close contact. Self-isolation is required even if a negative COVID-19 test result is received during this period.

If you have travelled outside of the province or internationally, you must self-isolate for 14 days or for the duration of your stay in PEI (if shorter than 14 days). Residents of Atlantic provinces (PEI, NB, NS,NL) have to check for any current rules and restrictions within the Atlantic travel bubble. A negative COVID-19 19 test result does not shorten the length of your self-isolation period. You may be required to provide the Chief Public Health Office with a self-isolation plan. If you are a worker and travel outside the province, you can apply to the Chief Pubic Health Office to work isolate for 14 days when you return to PEI.

What does it mean to self-isolate?

Self-isolation means staying at home, or in the same residence, and limiting contact with others.
If you need to self-isolate:

  • Stay on your property
  • If you live in an apartment building or condo, stay on the building's property and practice physical distancing while in corridors, stairwells, elevators, other shared spaces and outdoors; if staying in a hotel, communicate with the hotel administration regarding any protocols they may have in place for individuals in self isolation
  • Do not leave home/your self-isolation location unless absolutely necessary, such as to seek medical care, COVID-19 testing or because of risk to physical safety (e.g. fire).
  • Do not go to school, work, public areas or use public transportation (e.g., buses).
  • Arrange contactless drop-off of groceries, food, medication and other supplies at your door; (curbside pick-up, drive-thrus and entering retail stores is not permitted)
  • Do not attend public events, places of worship, restaurants/bars, arenas, and gyms;
  • Do not host or visit people;
  • Do not leave home unless absolutely necessary, such as to seek medical care.
  • Do not go to school, work, public areas or use public transportation (e.g., buses, taxis).
  • Have groceries and supplies dropped off at your door.
  • Limit contact with people you live with by staying in a separate room and using a separate bathroom, if possible.
  • If you have to be in contact with others, keep at least 2 metres between yourself and the other person. Keep interactions brief and wear a mask.
  • Avoid anyone with chronic conditions, compromised immune system and older adults.
  • Avoid contact with pets if you live with other people who may also be touching the pet.

If you are in a situation where only one member of your household needs to self-isolate, it is important to take the following precautions:

  • Maintain physical distancing at all times;
  • Ensure enhanced cleaning of all shared spaces after use.
If all members of your household cannot ensure that the above requirements can be met, then everyone in the household must self-isolate for 14 days.

What else can I do to stop the spread of infection in my home?

Proper hygiene and hand-washing can help minimize exposure to COVID-19.
Keep your hands clean

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Dry with disposable paper towels or a reusable towel that is replaced when it becomes wet.
  • Remove dirt with a wet wipe and use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.

Cover your cough or sneeze

  • Cough or sneeze into the bend of your arm or into a tissue.
  • Throw used tissues in the garbage. Wash your hands immediately after or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

Avoid contaminating common items and surfaces

  • Clean and disinfect surfaces that you touch often, like toilets, bedside tables, doorknobs, phones and television remotes at least once a day.
  • Do not share personal items, such as toothbrushes, towels, bed linen, utensils or electronic devices.
  • Use regular household disinfectants or diluted bleach (1 part bleach and 9 parts water) to disinfect.
  • Place contaminated items that cannot be cleaned in a lined container, secure the contents and dispose with other household waste.
  • Put the toilet lid down before flushing.

Care for yourself

  • Monitor for symptoms. If you become ill, call 811 for an assessment or visit a drop-in testing clinic.
  • If your symptoms worsen after you have called 811, call again for further screening. If symptoms become serious and you need medical attention, call 911.
  • Get some rest, eat a balanced diet and stay in touch with others by phone, social media or Internet.

Once your self-isolation period is complete, follow general Public Health Guidance.

I need to seek emergency medical care - do I need to notify someone or call ahead?

If you need to seek emergency medical care while you are in self isolation, call 911 and/or go directly the emergency department as needed.  Inform your initial contact, whether via telephone or in person, that you are in self isolation.

Do I have to self-isolate if I am coming to PEI to visit someone in palliative care?

Individuals can visit a person in an end of life situation. If the person is a resident of palliative care at a PEI facility, you must get permission from the facility to visit before travelling to PEI. Pre travel approval is also required to enter the province.

Upon arrival in PEI, you must self-isolate for 14 days or for the duration of your stay, if shorter. Residents of Atlantic provinces (NB, NS, NL) have to check for any current rules and restrictions within the Atlantic travel bubble.

You can only come out of self-isolation during the time you are visiting the dying person provided the following are met:

  • Undergo testing within 24 hours of entering the province
  • Self-isolate until the first negative test is received
  • After receiving a negative test, continue self-isolation until 14 days are complete, except when visiting the individual in an end-of life situation and during the visit, you must 
    • keep a 2 metre (6 feet) distance from others, except the palliative individual,
    • wear a non-medical mask, 
    • practice hand hygiene and cough etiquette,
    • if the person at end of life is residing at a facility, follow all measures imposed by the facility, and
    • follow all other general public health measures
  • Undergo follow-up testing on days 4-6 and 9-11 
  • Self-monitor for symptoms of COVID-19 and seek testing immediately if experiencing any COVID-19 symptoms

This self-isolation exemption period does not apply if you are experiencing COVID-19 symptoms.

Information on how to get a COVID-19 test is available here

Do I have to self-isolate if I am coming to PEI to attend a visitation, funeral, and/or burial service?

Family members are permitted to travel to PEI to attend a visitation, funeral and/or burial service.

Pre travel approval is required.

Upon arrival in PEI, you must self-isolate for 14 days or for the duration of your stay, if shorter. Residents of Atlantic provinces (NB, NS, NL) have to check for any current rules and restrictions within the Atlantic travel bubble.

You can only come out of self-isolation during the time you are attending a wake, funeral or burial service, providing the following are met:

  • Undergo testing within 24 hours of entering the province,
  • Self-isolate until the first negative test is received,
  • After receiving a negative test, continue self-isolation until 14 days are complete, except while attending wake, funeral or burial provided you are not experiencing symptoms of COVID-19 and:
    • keep a 2 metre (6 feet) distance from others, 
    • wear a non-medical mask, 
    • practice hand hygiene and cough etiquette, and
    • follow all other general public health measures
  • Undergo follow-up testing on days 4-6 and 9-11,
  • Self-monitor for symptoms of COVID-19 and seek testing immediately if experiencing any COVID-19 symptoms

This self-isolation exemption period does not apply if you are experiencing COVID-19 symptoms.

Whenever possible, individuals are asked to plan to be in the province twenty-four (24) hours in advance of the event to ensure they can be tested and receive their negative test results.

Information on how to get a COVID-19 test is available here.

Also, please notify the funeral home or other organization hosting the wake, funeral or burial that you will be attending regarding your self isolation status, prior to the event.

 

Published date: 
January 19, 2021
Health and Wellness

General Inquiries

Department of Health and Wellness
4th Floor North, Shaw Building
105 Rochford Street
Charlottetown, PE   C1A 7N8

Phone: 902-368-6414
Fax: 902-368-4121

DeptHW@gov.pe.ca