COVID-19 Self-Isolation

Travel to PEI: People who are not fully vaccinated are not eligible to use a PEI Pass. Non-residents will have to complete a self-isolation declaration form before they arrive in PEI. PEI residents are also asked to complete the declaration before they return home if they are not eligible to use a PEI Pass.
Self-isolation: There is a self-isolation period of 8 days for domestic (within Canada) travellers, subject to a negative COVID-19 test on day 8. For clarification, the first day of self-isolation is day zero. The 8 day self-isolation countdown begins the day after arrival.

Self-isolation is a key measure to prevent the spread of COVID-19.

Why do I need to self-isolate?

Self-isolation is important to prevent the spread of COVID-19 because not everyone with COVID-19 will have symptoms and some may only have mild symptoms. Also, when you are exposed to an illness, there is a time between the exposure and when you start to feel sick, known as the incubation period, when you may spread COVID-19.

It is a legal requirement to self-isolate. It is an offence not to isolate and you can be fined.

When do I have to self-isolate?

If you have been diagnosed with COVID-19, you must self-isolate for at least 10 days from when your symptoms began until you are cleared by a public health official.

If you have symptoms and are waiting for your COVID-19 test result, and you have not traveled or been in close contact with a known COVID case.

  • you only need to self-isolate until you receive a negative COVID-19 test result, unless otherwise instructed by a public health official.
    • Members of your household do not have to self-isolate with you, but everyone must practice public health measures including hand washing, enhanced cleaning of shared surfaces and equipment, limit the number of close contacts, and physical distancing. If a child has symptoms and is waiting for a COVID-19 test result, a parent or guardian must stay home with the child.

If you've had close contact with someone who is a confirmed case of COVID-19, the isolation for close contacts of a case is based on vaccine status:

  • Non immunized or partially immunized close contacts will be instructed to isolate and monitor for symptoms for 14 days. Testing will be required at day 0-1, 4-6 and day 9-11.
  • Fully immunized non-household close contacts who are asymptomatic are not required to do strict isolation, however, public health measures such as wearing a mask, physical distancing and washing hands should be followed when in public places and contacts should be minimized. Activities should be limited to essential tasks such as school, work, grocery shopping etc. As well, sleep overs, play dates or other social gatherings are discouraged for the first 7 days.  Non-household close contacts should monitor for symptoms of COVID 19 and be tested on day 0, 3, 6 and 9.
  • If able to isolate away from the person who is infected, household close contacts who are fully immunized will need to isolate for the first 7 days and until 2 negative test results are received. They will be tested three times, on day 0-1, day 4-6 and day 9-11. Day 1 is the first day after isolation of the infected person begins.

  • If there are those in the household who are not fully immunized, they will have to isolate for 14 days from the last contact with the infected person and test at day 0-1, 4-6 and 9-11.

Unless eligible for a self-isolation exemption (see below), if you have been outside of PEI, upon arrival in the province:

You must self-isolate for 8 days, subject to a negative test result on day 8, or for the duration of your stay (if shorter than 8 days).

  • For international travel:
    • You must follow federal quarantine requirements (e.g. isolate for 14 days if required); your isolation period in PEI must be at least 8 days, regardless of how many days you spent in isolation in another province or territory following international travel (e.g., if you arrived in Toronto and isolated for 10 days in Toronto prior to coming to PEI, you must still isolate for 8 days in PEI)
    • PEI testing requirements must be completed at PEI testing sites; federal border testing and federal testing kits are not considered part of the provincial testing regime.

The following groups travelling to PEI are not required to self-isolate following certain conditions – see more at PEI Pass:

  • age 12 years and older and fully vaccinated
  • younger than 12 years old and travelling with at minimum one fully vaccinated adult who is exempt from isolation with a PEI Pass
  • For children turning 12 years old, there is a three month grace period from their birthday before the requirement to be fully vaccinated comes into effect. For example, if a child turns 12 on September 1, they have until December 1 to be fully vaccinated.

Following international travel, you must be exempt from self-isolation at the federal border to be eligible for a self-isolation exemption in PEI with a PEI Pass within your first 14 days in the country.

All travellers are also required to be tested as directed at the point of entry.

  • See also testing requirements for people in isolation following travel.

If you must isolate following travel, you may be eligible to work isolate when you return to PEI. PEI residents travelling frequently for work may be eligible to apply as rotational workers.

PEI residents who aren’t eligible for a PEI Pass travelling within Atlantic Canada for some types of same-day travel are not required to self-isolate, subject to some conditions.

What does it mean to self-isolate?

Self-isolation means:

  • Do not have contact with others (in-person) – see below for exceptions for isolation related to travel within the Atlantic provinces/Magdalen Islands on travel parties with vaccinated and unvaccinated individuals;
  • Stay on your property/the property of your self-isolation location;
  • Do not leave home/your self-isolation location unless absolutely necessary, such as to seek medical care, COVID-19 testing or because of risk to physical safety (e.g. fire);
  • Do not go to school, work, public areas or use public transportation (e.g., buses);
  • Arrange contactless drop-off of groceries, food, medication and other supplies at your door; (curbside pick-up, drive-thrus and entering retail stores is not permitted);
  • Do not attend public events, places of worship, restaurants/bars, arenas, and gyms;
  • Do not host or visit people indoors or outdoors;
  • If you are in a situation where you are the only member of your household who needs to self-isolate, where at all possible, seek a completely separate location to self isolate. If you do not have another option, the other members of your household must self-isolate unless the following conditions are met:
    • You can remain isolated from the other members of your household in a separate room, and ideally with a separate bathroom,
    • If there is a shared bathroom it must be used at separate times and there must be enhanced cleaning of all shared surfaces after use.
    • Kitchens and other spaces in the home cannot be shared; have food and beverages prepared by others and delivered in a non-contact manner
    • If all members of your household cannot ensure that the above requirements can be met, then everyone in the household must self-isolate for a minimum of 8 days.
    • If you need assistance in developing an appropriate COVID-19 self-isolation plan, please contact DeptHW@gov.pe.ca
  • If someone who is self-isolating comes into contact with others during the self-isolation period; the others must self-isolate for  a minimum of 8 days following the last point of contact with the person in self isolation.
  • Avoid contact with pets if you live with other people not in isolation who may also be touching the pet
  • If you are self-isolating in a multi-unit residence such as an apartment building, condo, or hotel, the following requirements also apply:
    • stay on the building's property;
    • if you need to use shared corridors, stairwells, or elevators to enter and exit the building, select times that are less busy, perform hand hygiene before leaving, and maintain physical distancing and wear a non-medical mask  
    • practice physical distancing while outdoors on the building’s property;
    • except for entering and exiting the building, you are not permitted to use any common spaces including laundry,
    • if you have a pet that requires exercise beyond the confines of the property, make arrangements with a friend or family member
    • if staying in a hotel, communicate with the hotel administration regarding any protocols they may have in place for individuals in self isolation.

For travel to PEI:

  • If a travel party consists of a mix of fully vaccinated individuals with a PEI Pass and partially vaccinated and unvaccinated people who are required to self-isolate, the unimmunized and partially immunized people do not need to isolate from other members of their travel party, however they must remain on their property and follow all other isolation requirements.
  • Children younger than 12 years old and travelling with a minimum of one fully vaccinated adult who is exempt from isolation , with a PEI Pass,  are also not required to self-isolate.

What are the testing requirements for people in isolation following travel outside of PEI?

Everyone arriving in PEI who is in isolation and is not already being tested by the province of PEI, is required to be tested on entry as directed by public health officials. Further testing during isolation depends on whether the travel was from within Canada or international:

For travel within Canada:

  • You are required to be tested as directed at the point of entry and;
  • To be eligible for the shortened self-isolation of 8 days, you must have a negative COVID-19 test on day 8.
  • Students entering PEI from domestic travel are required to be tested as directed at the point of entry, and on days 4 and 8 in PEI.

For international travel:

  • You are required to be tested as directed at the point of entry and;
  • You are required to test at day 8 in PEI.
  • Students entering PEI from international travel are required to be tested as directed at the point of entry, and on days 4 and 8 in PEI.
  • PEI testing requirements must be completed at PEI testing sites; federal border testing and federal testing kits are not considered part of the provincial testing regime.

For a family arriving and isolating together, two people per family are required to be tested. All other self-isolation requirements remain in place. Information on how to get a COVID-19 test is available online.

What else should I consider if I need to self-isolate?

Other areas you should consider if you need to self-isolate includes:

  • Who (not in isolation) will support you during your isolation, such as in collecting and dropping off items such as food and medications, walking your dog, or if necessary, provide transportation to testing clinic following the Transporting Travellers to Self-Isolation Location Guidance. You must list this person(s) and their contact information in PEI on your PEI self-isolation declaration form; and
  • if travelling into the province, what is your transportation to your self-isolation location (e.g. is someone picking you up following the Transporting Travellers to Self-Isolation Location Guidance).

What else can I do to stop the spread of infection in my home?

Proper hygiene and hand-washing can help minimize exposure to COVID-19.

Keep your hands clean

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Dry with disposable paper towels or a reusable towel that is replaced when it becomes wet.
  • Remove dirt with a wet wipe and use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.

Cover your cough or sneeze

  • Cough or sneeze into the bend of your arm or into a tissue.
  • Throw used tissues in the garbage. Wash your hands immediately after or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

Avoid contaminating common items and surfaces

  • Clean and disinfect surfaces that you touch often, like toilets, bedside tables, doorknobs, phones and television remotes at least once a day.
  • Do not share personal items, such as toothbrushes, towels, bed linen, utensils or electronic devices.
  • Use regular household disinfectants or diluted bleach (1 part bleach and 9 parts water) to disinfect.
  • Place contaminated items that cannot be cleaned in a lined container, secure the contents and dispose with other household waste.
  • Put the toilet lid down before flushing.

Care for yourself

  • Monitor for symptoms. If you become ill, call 811 for an assessment or visit a drop-in testing clinic.
  • If your symptoms worsen after you have called 811, call again for further screening. If symptoms become serious and you need medical attention, call 911.
  • Get some rest, eat a balanced diet and stay in touch with others by phone, social media or Internet.

Once your self-isolation period is complete, follow general Public Health Measures Guidance.

I need to seek emergency medical care - do I need to notify someone or call ahead?

If you need to seek emergency medical care while you are in self isolation, call 911 and/or go directly the emergency department as needed.  Inform your initial contact, whether via telephone or in person, that you are in self isolation.

Do I have to self-isolate if I am coming to PEI to visit someone in palliative care?

See here for more information.

Do I have to self-isolate if I am coming to PEI to attend a visitation, funeral, and/or burial service?

See here for more information.

Fines and reporting

The Chief Public Health Officer may issue a fine to anyone who is not following self-isolation rules. For details, download Public Health Order for COVID-19 Self-Isolation.

If you have a concern about someone who is not complying with the rules of self-isolation, call the COVID-19 information line at 1-800-958-6400 (toll-free).

Published date: 
October 1, 2021
Health and Wellness

General Inquiries

Department of Health and Wellness
4th Floor North, Shaw Building
105 Rochford Street
Charlottetown, PE   C1A 7N8

Phone: 902-368-6414
Fax: 902-368-4121

DeptHW@gov.pe.ca